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A three-equation thermocline thermal energy storage model for bidisperse packed beds

Odenthal, Christian and Klasing, Freerk and Bauer, Thomas (2019) A three-equation thermocline thermal energy storage model for bidisperse packed beds. Solar Energy, 191, pp. 410-419. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2019.09.005 ISSN 0038-092X

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/solar-energy

Abstract

The present publication introduces a novel three-equation model for the simulation of bidisperse packed beds, typically utilized in thermocline thermal energy storages with filler. These systems aim for the substitution of a large fraction of cost intensive liquid storage material such as molten salts by a cost effective solid storage material. A higher packing density can be achieved by a combination of large and small particles, i.e. a bidisperse packing. For the simulation of such systems, the currently most widely applied Schumann and continuous solid phase models consider the solid phase as single sized spheres with a mean particle diameter derived from the bidisperse packing. The present work introduces a novel approach, where, besides the differential equation for the fluid, two differential equations for the small and for the large particles are applied. The model is validated with bidisperse experimental data from the literature. For comparison a reference case of a 100 MW electric solar thermal power plant is defined and the bidisperse model is compared to the Schumann model in its outcome for four different particle size combinations. In the single blow operation, where the storage volume is charged from uniform temperature, the temperature curves show differences of up to 6.6 Kelvin. If the thermocline is given time to develop over several consecutive cycles, the difference in charging and discharging time of one period reaches up to 3.5%. With the model presented in this work, accuracy of long duration or annual simulations can be significantly increased.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/131375/
Document Type:Article
Title:A three-equation thermocline thermal energy storage model for bidisperse packed beds
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Odenthal, Christianchristian.odenthal (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0041-5751
Klasing, FreerkFreerk.Klasing (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7079-9220
Bauer, Thomasthomas.bauer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4080-7944
Date:October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Solar Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:191
DOI :10.1016/j.solener.2019.09.005
Page Range:pp. 410-419
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0038-092X
Status:Published
Keywords:Thermal energy storage; Molten salt; Thermocline; Bidisperse; Packed bed;
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Odenthal, Christian
Deposited On:19 Dec 2019 15:30
Last Modified:19 Dec 2019 15:30

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