elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Patterns of Eastern European Urbanisation in the Mirror of Western Trends – Convergent, Unique or Hybrid?

Taubenböck, Hannes and Gerten, Christian and Rusche, Karsten and Siedentop, Stefan and Wurm, Michael (2019) Patterns of Eastern European Urbanisation in the Mirror of Western Trends – Convergent, Unique or Hybrid? Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 46 (7), pp. 1206-1225. Sage Publications. doi: 10.1177/239980831984690. ISSN 2399-8083.

[img] PDF - Published version
2MB

Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2399808319846902

Abstract

This paper presents a cross-sectional analysis of the urban land use patterns of 230 city regions in 34 European countries and an in-depth longitudinal analysis of 10 selected regions. The guiding question is whether the post-socialist transformation of urban spatial structure in Eastern European regions can be interpreted as an adaption process to Western-style urbanisation and how far a process of ‘mimicry’ has reached. Our empirical approach is based on a model designed to measure binary urban land use patterns with respect to spatial dispersion. As cities and City regions vary in spatial pattern and size, we calculate the dispersion index for three different standardised extents: squares of 25 and 50 km around the defined urban centres as well as cityadjusted accessibility isochrones. Our input layers are binary settlement classifications derived from multi-temporal Earth observation data. For the cross-sectional analysis, we cover entire Europe, and for the longitudinal analysis, we cover a sample of 10 cities for Western and Eastern Europe of predominantly capital cities of different sizes at four time steps – 1975, 1990, 2000 and 2010. We found significant differences between Western and Eastern European city regions as they have entered different stages of urbanisation. Eastern city regions are less populated, less urbanised, more dispersed and denser than regions in the West. Processes of post-socialist urban restructuring have definitely resulted in a change in land use patterns similar to that of Western Europe since the late 1950s. We nevertheless do not think that a ‘catch-up’ growth, leading to full convergence with Western-style urbanisation, will be a realistic future scenario. Eastern European urbanisation can best be characterised as hybrid: cities and city regions simultaneously manifest characteristics of convergent adaptation and path-dependency; they prove typical features of capitalist urbanisation, but relics of the socialist past are still omnipresent.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130816/
Document Type:Article
Title:Patterns of Eastern European Urbanisation in the Mirror of Western Trends – Convergent, Unique or Hybrid?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4360-9126
Gerten, ChristianInstitut für Landes- und Stadtentwicklungsforschung (ILS)UNSPECIFIED
Rusche, KarstenInstitut für Landes- und Stadtentwicklungsforschung (ILS)UNSPECIFIED
Siedentop, StefanILS DortmundUNSPECIFIED
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5967-1894
Date:August 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:46
DOI :10.1177/239980831984690
Page Range:pp. 1206-1225
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:2399-8083
Status:Published
Keywords:restructuring have definitely resulted in a change in land use patterns similar to that of Western Europe since the late 1950s. We nevertheless do not think that a ‘catch-up’ growth, leading to full convergence with Western-style urbanisation, will be a realistic future scenario. Eastern European urbanisation can best be characterised as hybrid: cities and city regions simultaneously manifest characteristics of convergent adaptation and path-dependency; they prove typical features of capitalist urbanisation, but relics of the socialist past are still omnipresent.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote Sensing and Geo Research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:26 Nov 2019 12:27
Last Modified:31 Oct 2020 04:35

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Information
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2017 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.