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Topology Optimization of a Star Tracker Camera Bracket

Hümbert, Simon and Dügmeci, Volkan and Haubrich, Jan and Lengowski, Michael and Stäbler, Tina (2019) Topology Optimization of a Star Tracker Camera Bracket. 70th International Astronautical Congress, 2019-10-21 - 2019-10-25, Washington D.C., USA.

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Topology optimization is a powerful tool in lightweight design and has become increasingly popular with recent advances in additive manufacturing (AM). In the space industry, optimized and 3D-printed structures have the potential to meet the increasing demand for cost-efficient, flexible design and manufacturing strategies driven by large satellite constellations. In this paper a case study for re-designing a satellite structure is presented, identifying and exploring challenges and opportunities throughout the entire process chain. The reference part for this study is a star tracker camera bracket from the academic satellite Flying Laptop from the University of Stuttgart, currently operating in orbit. The original part was manufactured using standard machining processes and is used for functional as well as the cost reference of the AM optimization and manufacturing approach. The first step of the investigation is a characterization of AlSi10Mg manufactured by Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF), focusing on the demands for topology optimization and associated cost-intensive post processing. Mechanical and metallographic properties for different sample geometries, orientations and heat treatments have been analyzed. This data provides the input for the material model in the optimization process as well as the optimization constraints. Following this step, the mesh-based optimization result is converted to a CAD geometry to assess manufacturability. For validation and cost assessment, the bracket is printed three times in one build-job using a Trumpf TruPrint 3000. Printed brackets are assessed for their natural frequency, the dominant design constraint, as well as the geometrical distortion and compared to the analysis results. Finally, design and manufacturing costs of the single part and of a small series of 99 parts is calculated to evaluate economic potential of the optimized and printed design. For the reference part presented in this study, the optimized design is 30 % lighter than the original and exhibits a 43 % higher first natural frequency. Additionally, a considerable scaling effect on the manufacturing costs is shown, keeping additive manufacturing competitive compared to small series machining production.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130506/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Topology Optimization of a Star Tracker Camera Bracket
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Hümbert, SimonUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1476-8427146929943
Haubrich, JanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5748-2755UNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Satellite structure, Topology optimization, Additive Manufacturing, Cost evaluation, IRAS, Trumpf
Event Title:70th International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Washington D.C., USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:21 October 2019
Event End Date:25 October 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemtechnologien (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Design and Manufacture Technologies
Deposited By: Hümbert, Simon
Deposited On:14 Nov 2019 11:22
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:34

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