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Comparing the Effects of Road, Railway, and Aircraft Noise on Sleep: Exposure–Response Relationships from Pooled Data of Three Laboratory Studies

Elmenhorst, E.-M. and Griefahn, B. and Rolny, V. and Basner, M. (2019) Comparing the Effects of Road, Railway, and Aircraft Noise on Sleep: Exposure–Response Relationships from Pooled Data of Three Laboratory Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (6), p. 1073. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16061073 ISSN 1661-7827

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/6/1073

Abstract

Abstract: Objectives: Air, road, and railway traffic, the three major sources of traffic noise, have been reported to differently impact on annoyance. However, these findings may not be transferable to physiological reactions during sleep which are considered to decrease nighttime recovery and might mediate long-term negative health effects. Studies on awakenings from sleep indicate that railway noise, while having the least impact on annoyance, may have the most disturbing properties on sleep compared to aircraft noise. This study presents a comparison between the three major traffic modes and their probability to cause awakenings. In combining acoustical and polysomnographical data from three laboratory studies sample size and generalizability of the findings were increased. Methods: Data from three laboratory studies were pooled, conducted at two sites in Germany (German Aerospace Center, Cologne, and Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund). In total, the impact of 109,836 noise events on polysomnographically assessed awakenings was analyzed in 237 subjects using a random intercept logistic regression model. Results: The best model fit according to the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) included different acoustical and sleep parameters. After adjusting for these moderators results showed that the probability to wake up from equal maximum A-weighted sound pressure levels (SPL) increased in the order aircraft < road < railway noise, the awakening probability from road and railway noise being not significantly different (p = 0.988). At 70 dB SPL, it was more than 7% less probable to wake up due to aircraft noise than due to railway noise. Conclusions: The three major traffic noise sources differ in their impact on sleep. The order with which their impact increased was inversed compared to the order that was found in annoyance surveys. It is thus important to choose the correct concept for noise legislation, i.e., physiological sleep metrics in addition to noise annoyance for nighttime noise protection.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130437/
Document Type:Article
Title:Comparing the Effects of Road, Railway, and Aircraft Noise on Sleep: Exposure–Response Relationships from Pooled Data of Three Laboratory Studies
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Elmenhorst, E.-M.Eva-Maria.Elmenhorst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705
Griefahn, B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rolny, V.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Basner, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:16
DOI :10.3390/ijerph16061073
Page Range:p. 1073
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:1661-7827
Status:Published
Keywords:railway noise; aircraft noise; road traffic noise; awakening; sleep; noise legislation; exposure–response curve
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGT BIT, L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Sleep and Human Factors Research
Deposited By: Sender, Alina
Deposited On:20 Nov 2019 13:09
Last Modified:30 Sep 2020 13:20

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