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Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic

Ramirez Camargo, Luis and Nitsch, Felix and Gruber, Katharina and Valdes, Javier and Dorner, Wolfgang (2019) Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic. Energies, 12 (21), pp. 1-17. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/en12214185 ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/21/4185

Abstract

Independence from the power grid can be pursued by achieving total self-sufficient electricity supply. Such an energy supply model might be particularly interesting for settlements located in rural areas where enough space is available for energy generation installations. This article evaluates how and at what cost electricity demand of residential users across Germany and the Czech Republic could be covered by hybrid renewable energy generation systems consisting of photovoltaics, micro-generation wind turbines and batteries. High-resolution reanalysis data are used to calculate necessary system sizes over a large area by simultaneously accounting for the temporal variability of renewable energy. For every potential location in the research area, the hybrid system requirements for clusters of 50 self-sufficient single-family houses are calculated. The results indicate no general trend regarding the size of the respective technologies, although larger areas where PV-wind power complementarity enables lowering the total system costs and required storage capacities were determined. Assuming that the cluster of households could be constituted and depending on the location, the total installation and operation costs for the proposed systems for a lifetime of 20 years range between EUR 1.8 Million and EUR 5 Million without considering costs of financing. Regions with the lowest costs were identified mainly in the south of Germany.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130263/
Document Type:Article
Title:Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ramirez Camargo, LuisTechnische Hochschule DeggendorfUNSPECIFIED
Nitsch, Felixfelix.nitsch (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9824-3371
Gruber, KatharinaUniversity of Natural Resources and Life SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Valdes, JavierTechnische Hochschule DeggendorfUNSPECIFIED
Dorner, WolfgangTechnische Hochschule DeggendorfUNSPECIFIED
Date:2 November 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Energies
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI :10.3390/en12214185
Page Range:pp. 1-17
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Sciubba, EnricoDepartment of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Roma Sapienza
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:MDPI Energies
ISSN:1996-1073
Status:Published
Keywords:renewable energy; COSMO-REA6; electric storage systems; residential electric demand clusters; hybrid renewable energy system sizing; spatiotemporal modelling
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Nitsch, Felix
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 16:37
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 16:37

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