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ADCS conceptual design for GoSolAr demonstrator mission

Redondo Gutierrez, Jose Luis and Heidecker, Ansgar and Seefeldt, Patric and Guo, Jian (2019) ADCS conceptual design for GoSolAr demonstrator mission. In: ADCS conceptual design for GoSolAr demonstrator mission. IAC 2019, 21.-25. Oct. 2019, Washington, USA.

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Abstract

This paper aims to provide a detailed analysis of the preliminary Attitude Determination and Control System (ADCS) design of DLR’s (German Aerospace Center) demonstrator mission GoSolAr (Gossamer Solar Array). The goal of this mission is to demonstrate the two-dimensional deployment of a 25m2 flexible solar array in orbit. Understanding of the satellite configurations and control phases is critical for the design of the ADCS. The main structural configurations are stowed and deployed, in which the satellite consists of a central part to which the solar array is attached via four composite booms. The control phases are detumbling, deployment and acquiring and maintaining an orientation w.r.t. the Sun. This study focuses in developing a control approach for the attitude of the satellite able to deal with the difficulties inherent to the GoSolAr satellite.These difficulties can be divided in two groups, related with the particularities of the deployed structure and to the limitations of the attitude actuators selected. In relation with the structure, the most concerning issues are related with the considerably high area-to-mass and moment of inertia-to-mass ratios, which increase the effect of external disturbances and reduce that of the control actuators. This initial design contains only magnetorquers, generating a locally underactuated system. The analyses focuses in the pointing phase, which aims to reach and maintain a relative orientation of the main axis of inertia w.r.t. the Sun, while generating a spin around this axis to stabilize the satellite. In relation to this phase, two control approaches are explained, implemented and evaluated. The first one is based on using a linearization of the plant combined with an LQR (linear-quadratic regulator) approach. The second control approach is known as the Udwadia-Kalaba approach, and is based in the parallelism between constrained and controlled systems. This approach leads to a non-linear controller which can include complex guidance instructions. The performance of these controllers is evaluated for the nominal case, confirming that they are able to fulfill the requirements. The difference in performance between LQR and Udwadia-Kalaba control approaches is explained, focusing on convergence time and long term error. Finally, some limitations in relation to the ADCS design are pointed out, related to control actuation limitations and to assumptions made when deriving the controllers. In relation to the control actuation, the use of magnetorquers imposes a limitation in altitude and in orbital inclination. The potential consequences of neglecting the flexibility are also addressed qualitatively.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130181/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:ADCS conceptual design for GoSolAr demonstrator mission
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Redondo Gutierrez, Jose LuisJose.RedondoGutierrez (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0037-2299
Heidecker, AnsgarAnsgar.Heidecker (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7483-9074
Seefeldt, PatricPatric.Seefeldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2067-9458
Guo, JianJ.Guo (at) tudelft.nlUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:ADCS conceptual design for GoSolAr demonstrator mission
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:ADCS, Control, LQR, Udwadia-Kalaba, GoSolAr,
Event Title:IAC 2019
Event Location:Washington, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-25. Oct. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemtechnologien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Deposited By: Redondo Gutierrez, Jose Luis
Deposited On:19 Dec 2019 12:59
Last Modified:19 Dec 2019 12:59

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