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Renewable energy in copper production: A review on systems design and methodological approaches

Moreno-Leiva, Simón and Haas, Jannik and Junne, Tobias and Valencia, Felipe and Godin, Hélène and Kracht, Willy and Nowak, Wolfang and Eltrop, Ludger (2019) Renewable energy in copper production: A review on systems design and methodological approaches. Journal of Cleaner Production. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118978 ISSN 0959-6526

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095965261933848X

Abstract

Renewable energy systems are now accepted to be mandatory for climate change mitigation. These systems require a higher material supply than conventional ones. Particularly, they require more copper. The production of this metal, however, is intensive in energy consumption and emissions. Therefore, renewable energy systems must be used to improve the environmental performance of copper production. We cover the current state of research and develop recommendations for the design of renewable energy systems for copper production. To complement our analysis, we also consider studies from other industries and regional energy systems. We provide six recommendations for future modeling: (a) current energy demand models for copper production are overly simplistic and need to be enhanced for planning with high levels of renewable technologies; (b) multi-vector systems (electricity, heat, and fuels) need to be explicitly modeled to capture the readily available flexibility of the system; (c) copper production is done in arid regions, where water supply is energy-intensive, then, water management should be integrated in the overall design of the energy system; (d) there is operational flexibility in existing copper plants, which needs to be better understood and assessed; (e) the design of future copper mines should adapt to the dynamics of available renewable energy sources; and (f) life cycle impacts of the components of the system need to be explicitly minimized in the optimization models. Researchers and decision-makers from the copper and energy sector will benefit from this comprehensive review and these recommendations. We hope it will accelerate the deployment of renewables, particularly in the copper industry.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130069/
Document Type:Article
Title:Renewable energy in copper production: A review on systems design and methodological approaches
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Moreno-Leiva, Simónsimon.moreno (at) iws.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Haas, JannikJannik.Haas (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2604-6456
Junne, TobiasTobias.Junne (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1576-8069
Valencia, FelipeUniversität ChileUNSPECIFIED
Godin, HélèneUniversität ChileUNSPECIFIED
Kracht, WillyUniversität ChileUNSPECIFIED
Nowak, WolfangWolfgang.Nowak (at) iws.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Eltrop, LudgerIER, Uni StuttgartUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Cleaner Production
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118978
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0959-6526
Status:Published
Keywords:Renewables in mining; Copper production; Renewable energy systems; Energy systems design; Optimization
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Junne, Tobias
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 16:31
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 16:31

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