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Integrated design of working fluid and organic Rankine cycle utilizing transient exhaust gases of heavy-duty vehicles

Schilling, Johannes and Eichler, Katharina and Kölsch, Benedikt and Pischinger, Stefan and Bardow, André (2019) Integrated design of working fluid and organic Rankine cycle utilizing transient exhaust gases of heavy-duty vehicles. Applied Energy, 255 (113207). Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.05.010 ISSN 0306-2619

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306261919308645?via%3Dihub


Heavy-duty vehicles waste a major part of their fuel energy in the exhaust gas. To recover energy from the exhaust gas, Organic Rankine Cycles are a promising technology. However, both, the Organic Rankine Cycle and its working fluid have to be tailored to the transient energy input by the exhaust gas. For this purpose, we developed the so-called 1-stage Continuous-Molecular Targeting - Computer-aided Molecular Design (1-stage CoMT-CAMD) method. 1-stage CoMT-CAMD integrates the design of novel working fluids as degree of freedom into the process optimization. However, so far, 1-stage CoMT-CAMD is limited to a nominal operating point. In this work, we enable the integrated design for transient heat sources by combining 1-stage CoMT-CAMD with aggregation techniques. Aggregation techniques allow us to represent the many operating points due to the transient heat source by a few aggregated operating points serving as input for the integrated design. A subsequent assessment of the identified working fluids ensures safety and environmental friendliness. The resulting algorithm is applied to the design of an Organic Rankine Cycle on heavy-duty vehicles using the VECTO long haul cycle to characterize the transient exhaust gas. For this case study, 6 aggregated operating points are sufficient to represent the transient exhaust gas accurately. The optimal identified working fluid is ethyl formate and increases the net power output by 30% compared to the commonly used working fluid ethanol.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/130036/
Document Type:Article
Title:Integrated design of working fluid and organic Rankine cycle utilizing transient exhaust gases of heavy-duty vehicles
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schilling, JohannesRWTH AachenUNSPECIFIED
Eichler, KatharinaRWTH AachenUNSPECIFIED
Kölsch, Benediktbenedikt.koelsch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pischinger, StefanRWTH AachenUNSPECIFIED
Date:3 December 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.05.010
Series Name:Science Direct
Keywords:Integrated process and fluid design; Computer-aided molecular design; PC-SAFT; Aggregation technique; CoMT-CAMD
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy Efficiency, Materials and Resources
HGF - Program Themes:Methods and Concepts for Materials Development
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E VS - Combustion Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Materials for Energy Technologies
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualification
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:20 Nov 2019 15:19
Last Modified:20 Nov 2019 15:19

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