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Wind Tunnel Testing of Otto Lilienthal's Production Aircraft from 1893

Wienke, Felix and Raffel, Markus and Dillmann, Andreas (2020) Wind Tunnel Testing of Otto Lilienthal's Production Aircraft from 1893. In: AIAA AVIATION FORUM 2020 (2738). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. AIAA Aviation Forum Virtual Event 2020, 15.-19. Juni 2020, Reno, Nevada, USA. doi: 10.2514/6.2020-2738.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-2738

Abstract

A full-scale wind tunnel test of a replica of Otto Lilienthal's Normalsegelapparat ("Normal soaring apparatus") from 1893 was conducted in a closed, low-speed wind tunnel. The goal was to determine the flight performance and characteristics of this glider for the first time. Resolving the open question about the static stability of his design is of particular interest here. In addition, historical sources are ambiguous on how Lilienthal treated the fabric covering the wings. Therefore, tests were performed both with an impermeable, sealed fabric as well as untreated, permeable wings. Forces and moments were measured for free stream velocities between 5 m/s and 13 m/s over an angle of attack range covering the linear lift increase up to fully stalled conditions. The recorded data is used to investigate the flight performance and characteristics of the glider with an emphasis on its static stability. The impact of the permeability of the fabric in comparison to the impermeable configuration is discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129979/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:The 2020 AIAA AVIATION Forum will be held as a virtual conference in an online-only format.
Title:Wind Tunnel Testing of Otto Lilienthal's Production Aircraft from 1893
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wienke, FelixFelix.Wienke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Raffel, MarkusMarkus.Raffel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3340-9115
Dillmann, AndreasAndreas.Dillmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 June 2020
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA AVIATION FORUM 2020
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.2514/6.2020-2738
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
UNSPECIFIEDAIAAUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Series Name:Conference Proceedings online
Status:Published
Keywords:Otto Lilienthal, wind tunnel tests, stability
Event Title:AIAA Aviation Forum Virtual Event 2020
Event Location:Reno, Nevada, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:15.-19. Juni 2020
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Helicopter, GO
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Administration AS-GO
Deposited By: Carter, Beatrice
Deposited On:25 Aug 2020 17:17
Last Modified:25 Aug 2020 17:17

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