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Estimating Public Charging Demand of Electric Vehicles

Hardinghaus, Michael and Seidel, Christian and Anderson, John Erik (2019) Estimating Public Charging Demand of Electric Vehicles. Sustainability, 11 (21), pp. 1-21. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/su11215925 ISSN 2071-1050

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/21/5925

Abstract

Electric vehicles require sufficient public charging infrastructure. This in turn necessitates detailed information on charging demand. In this paper we present a four-step approach to estimating public charging demand of electric vehicles. Previous methods are limited in their ability to provide differentiated results and adapt to future developments. Therefore, we account for user groups (private, carsharing, commercial), technical developments (vehicles, infrastructure), infrastructure availability, and carsharing development (operational area, business models, autonomous vehicles). Our approach also considers the interactions between these factors and allows for scenario analysis yielding the quantity and spatial distribution of public charging demand. We demonstrate our approach for Berlin, Germany. We find that the majority of public charging demand results from carsharing. This demand is concentrated in the city center, even when carsharing is available citywide. Public charging demand for commercial users is relatively low and located outside the city center. For private users, public charging demand shifts to the city center with an increasing market penetration of electric vehicles and technological advancements (increased range, charging speed). Public demand from private users increases dramatically when private infrastructure is absent. Finally, public charging demand shifts to the city center when private users do not have private infrastructure.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129892/
Document Type:Article
Title:Estimating Public Charging Demand of Electric Vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hardinghaus, MichaelMichael.Hardinghaus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Seidel, ChristianVMZ BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, John Erikjohn.anderson (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7615-7926
Date:24 October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Sustainability
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.3390/su11215925
Page Range:pp. 1-21
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2071-1050
Status:Published
Keywords:electric vehicles; charging demand; public charging infrastructure; autonomous vehicles; carsharing
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Anderson, John Erik
Deposited On:11 Nov 2019 13:44
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:25

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