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The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures

de Vera, J. P. and Baque, Mickael and Billi, D. and Böttger, Ute and Bulat, S. and Czupalla, Markus and Dachwald, B. and de la Torre Noetzel, R. and Elsaesser, A. and Foucher, F. and Korsitzky, Hartmut and Kozyrovska, N. and Läufer, A. and Moeller, R. and Olsson-Francis, Karen and Onofri, S. and Sommer, S. and Wagner, D. and Westall, F. (2018) The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures. 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 1.-5. Okt. 2018, Bremen, Deutschland.

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Abstract

The question "Are we alone in the Universe?" is perhaps the most fundamental one that affects mankind. How can we address the search for life in our Solar System? Mars, Enceladus and Europa are the focus of the search for life outside the terrestrial biosphere. While it is more likely to find remnants of life (fossils of extinct life) on Mars because of its past short time window of the surface habitability, it is probably more likely to find traces of extant life on the icy moons and ocean worlds of Jupiter and Saturn. Nevertheless, even on Mars there could still be a chance to find extant life in niches near to the surface or in just discovered subglacial lakes beneath the South Pole ice cap. Here, the different approaches for the detection of traces of life in the form of biosignatures including prebiotic molecules will be presented. We will outline the required infrastructure for this enterprise and give examples of future mission concepts to investigate the presence of life on other planets and moons. Finally, we will provide suggestions on methods, techniques, operations and strategies for preparation and realization of future life detection missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129886/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
de Vera, J. P.DLR, German Aerospace Center, Management and Infrastructure, Astrobiological Laboratories, Berlin, Germany.https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821
Baque, MickaelMickael.Baque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030
Billi, D.Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Böttger, UteUte.Boettger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bulat, S.Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, NRC KI, Leningrad region, Gatchina, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Czupalla, MarkusFH Aachen, Fachbereich 6 Luft- und RaumfahrttechnikUNSPECIFIED
Dachwald, B.FH AachenUNSPECIFIED
de la Torre Noetzel, R.INTA, National Institute for Aerospace Technology, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Elsaesser, A.Experimental Molecular Biophysics, Free University of Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Foucher, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, rue Charles Sadron, 45071 Orleans, France, frederic.foucher (at) cnrs.fr,UNSPECIFIED
Korsitzky, HartmutHartmut.Korsitzky (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kozyrovska, N.Institute of Molecular Biology & Genetics of NASU, Kyiv, Ukraine.UNSPECIFIED
Läufer, A.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Polar Geology, HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Moeller, R.German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Space Microbiology Research Group, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, KarenSchool of Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, S.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, Italy;UNSPECIFIED
Sommer, S.GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, D.Geoforschungszentrum, PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.CNRS-CBM, rue C. Sadron, 45071 Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 October 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:life detection; Mars; icy moons; habitability; space missions
Event Title:69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Bremen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1.-5. Okt. 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:01 Nov 2019 11:38
Last Modified:01 Nov 2019 11:38

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