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The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures

de Vera, J. P. and Baque, Mickael and Billi, D. and Böttger, Ute and Bulat, S. and Czupalla, Markus and Dachwald, B. and de la Torre Noetzel, R. and Elsaesser, A. and Foucher, F. and Korsitzky, Hartmut and Kozyrovska, N. and Läufer, A. and Moeller, R. and Olsson-Francis, Karen and Onofri, S. and Sommer, S. and Wagner, D. and Westall, F. (2018) The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures. 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 1.-5. Okt. 2018, Bremen, Deutschland.

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Abstract

The question "Are we alone in the Universe?" is perhaps the most fundamental one that affects mankind. How can we address the search for life in our Solar System? Mars, Enceladus and Europa are the focus of the search for life outside the terrestrial biosphere. While it is more likely to find remnants of life (fossils of extinct life) on Mars because of its past short time window of the surface habitability, it is probably more likely to find traces of extant life on the icy moons and ocean worlds of Jupiter and Saturn. Nevertheless, even on Mars there could still be a chance to find extant life in niches near to the surface or in just discovered subglacial lakes beneath the South Pole ice cap. Here, the different approaches for the detection of traces of life in the form of biosignatures including prebiotic molecules will be presented. We will outline the required infrastructure for this enterprise and give examples of future mission concepts to investigate the presence of life on other planets and moons. Finally, we will provide suggestions on methods, techniques, operations and strategies for preparation and realization of future life detection missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129886/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The search for Life on Mars and the Solar System - Strategies, Logostics and Infrastructures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
de Vera, J. P.DLR, German Aerospace Center, Management and Infrastructure, Astrobiological Laboratories, Berlin, Germany.https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821UNSPECIFIED
Baque, MickaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030UNSPECIFIED
Billi, D.Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Böttger, UteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bulat, S.Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, NRC KI, Leningrad region, Gatchina, RussiaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Czupalla, MarkusFH Aachen, Fachbereich 6 Luft- und RaumfahrttechnikUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dachwald, B.FH AachenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de la Torre Noetzel, R.INTA, National Institute for Aerospace Technology, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Elsaesser, A.Experimental Molecular Biophysics, Free University of Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Foucher, F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Korsitzky, HartmutUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kozyrovska, N.Institute of Molecular Biology & Genetics of NASU, Kyiv, Ukraine.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Läufer, A.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Polar Geology, HannoverUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moeller, R.German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Space Microbiology Research Group, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, KarenSchool of Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United KingdomUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, S.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, Italy;UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sommer, S.GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, D.Geoforschungszentrum, PotsdamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.CNRS-CBM, rue C. Sadron, 45071 Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 October 2018
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:life detection; Mars; icy moons; habitability; space missions
Event Title:69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Bremen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1.-5. Okt. 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:01 Nov 2019 11:38
Last Modified:01 Nov 2019 11:38

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