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Microbial Monitoring in the EDEN-ISS Greenhouse, a Mobile Test Facility in Antarctica

Fahrion, J. and Fink, C. and Zabel, P. and Schubert, D. and Beblo-Vranesevic, K. and Hellweg, C.E. and Eikmanns, B. and Rettberg, P. (2019) Microbial Monitoring in the EDEN-ISS Greenhouse, a Mobile Test Facility in Antarctica. EANA 2019, 3 – 6 September 2019, Orléans, France.

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Abstract

The EDEN-ISS container is a mobile test facility in Antarctica used to investigate new plant cultivation techniques for future space programs. Manned missions to Mars are already planned and still need a reliable food production system. The EDEN-ISS container was used from January 2018 to December 2018 for fresh food production for the overwintering Neumayer III crew. During the nine month operation time, samples from the different plants, from the nutrition solution of the planting system and from diverse surfaces within different areas of the container were taken (greenhouse, service section, cold porch). Quantity as well as diversity of microorganisms was examined. The microbial burden on different surfaces in the container and on the plant samples was generally lower than expected. In case of the latter, microbial quantities were in a range of 10² and 10⁴ colony forming units (CFU) per gram plant material. Compared to purchased plants from German groceries, the produce hosts much more microorganisms. The EDEN-ISS plant samples showed mainly moulds and a few, most probably harmless bacteria. The CFU/mL in the nutrition solutions increased constantly over time but never reached marginal results. The surface sampled revealed high differences in the microbial burden between the greenhouse part of the container and the service section. However, the numbers of CFU found in the planted greenhouse were still not critical. For identification, all isolated bacteria were sent for sequencing. The most abundant phyla were Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria. These phyla all include plant- and human-associated bacterial species. In general, there is a low risk of hazard due to microbial contamination according to the results of this study.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129864/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Microbial Monitoring in the EDEN-ISS Greenhouse, a Mobile Test Facility in Antarctica
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fahrion, J.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany and University of Ulm, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Fink, C.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Zabel, P.Institute for Space Systems, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Bremen, Germany; paul.zabel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, D.Institute for Space Systems, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Bremen, Germany; daniel.schubert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Beblo-Vranesevic, K.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; kristina.beblo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4834-7121
Hellweg, C.E.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Christine.Hellweg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-3580
Eikmanns, B.University of Ulm, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, P.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Date:3 September 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:EDEN-ISS Greenhouse
Event Title:EANA 2019
Event Location:Orléans, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:3 – 6 September 2019
Organizer:European Astrobiology Network Association (EANA)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Bremen , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:30 Oct 2019 15:01
Last Modified:30 Oct 2019 15:01

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