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Influence of antimicrobial surfaces on growth and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis

Siems, Katharina (2019) Influence of antimicrobial surfaces on growth and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis. Master's, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.

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Abstract

Long-term human missions to space require methods for sustaining the health and safety of the crew. Therefore, microbiological monitoring and reduction of contamination is necessary. Microbial biofilms are of special interest because they can cause damage to spaceflight equipment and are difficult to eliminate due to their increased resistance to antibiotics and disinfectants. The introduction of antimicrobial surfaces for medical, pharmaceutical, and industrial purposes has shown a unique potential for reducing and preventing biofilm formation. The European Space Agency (ESA) is going to launch a project called BIOFILMS. The main goal of the project is to evaluate the effect of microgravity on biofilm formation on non-inhibitory surfaces, such as steel, and on antimicrobial metal surfaces. These surfaces are going to be composed out of different metals with and without nanostructures. For the project, human-relevant bacterial strains were selected. One of the selected strains is S. capitis subsp. capitis K1-2-2-23, which was isolated from the International Space Station (ISS) on V2A steel and is forming strong biofilms. The purpose of this thesis is the preparatory work for the BIOFILMS project and to evaluate the effect of copper-containing antimicrobial surfaces on growth and biofilm formation of the ISS isolate S. capitis subsp. capitis, K1-2-2-23. Additionally, the isolate is going to be characterized here. A comparison of this strain to the DSMZ type strain revealed several differences that include colony pigmentation, increased growth, and tolerance to desiccation. Furthermore, tests with S. capitis subsp. capitis strain K1-2-2-23 within the BIOFILMS hardware revealed that the hardware is biocompatible and allowed biofilm formation on steel surfaces. Additionally, the use of pure copper and brass surfaces inside the hardware led to a significant reduction in growth and biofilm formation, whereby nanostructured copper surfaces were observed to be more effective. The obtained results lay the foundation for the BIOFILMS spaceflight project that will be conducted aboard the International Space Station and may provide suitable antimicrobial surfaces for spaceflight purposes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129847/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Influence of antimicrobial surfaces on growth and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Siems, KatharinaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:98
Status:Published
Keywords:microbiological monitoring, antimicrobial surfaces, human health, long-term human missions to space, BIOFILMS project
Institution:Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Department:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:30 Oct 2019 15:01
Last Modified:30 Oct 2019 15:01

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