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Radar vision in the mapping of forest biodiversity from space

Bae, Soyeon and Levick, Shaun R. and Heidrich, Lea and Magdon, Paul and Leutner, Benjamin and Wöllauer, Stephan and Serebryanyk, Alla and Nauss, Thomas and Krzystek, Peter and Gossner, Martin M. and Schall, Peter and Heibl, Christoph and Bässler, Claus and Doerfler, Inken and Schulze, Ernst-Detlef and Krah, Franz-Sebastian and Culmsee, Heike and Jung, Kirsten and Heurich, Marco and Fischer, Markus and Seibold, Sebastian and Thorn, Simon and Gerlach, Tobias and Hothorn, Torsten and Weisser, Wolfgang W. and Müller, Jörg (2019) Radar vision in the mapping of forest biodiversity from space. Nature Communications, 10 (1), pp. 1-10. Nature Publishing Group. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12737-x ISSN 2041-1723

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Official URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-12737-x


Recent progress in remote sensing provides much-needed, large-scale spatio-temporal information on habitat structures important for biodiversity conservation. Here we examine the potential of a newly launched satellite-borne radar system (Sentinel-1) to map the biodiversity of twelve taxa across five temperate forest regions in central Europe. We show that the sensitivity of radar to habitat structure is similar to that of airborne laser scanning (ALS), the current gold standard in the measurement of forest structure. Our models of different facets of biodiversity reveal that radar performs as well as ALS; median R² over twelve taxa by ALS and radar are 0.51 and 0.57 respectively for the first non-metric multidimensional scaling axes representing assemblage composition. We further demonstrate the promising predictive ability of radar-derived data with external validation based on the species composition of birds and saproxylic beetles. Establishing new area-wide biodiversity monitoring by remote sensing will require the coupling of radar data to stratified and standardized collected local species data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129801/
Document Type:Article
Title:Radar vision in the mapping of forest biodiversity from space
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Bae, SoyeonDepartment of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Würzburghttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1961-1226
Levick, Shaun R.CSIRO Land and Waterhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4437-9174
Heidrich, LeaDepartment of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of WürzburgUNSPECIFIED
Magdon, PaulForest Inventory and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology, University of Göttingenhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3777-5478
Leutner, BenjaminBenjamin.Leutner (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6893-2002
Wöllauer, StephanFaculty of Geography, Philipps-University Marburghttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3623-8294
Serebryanyk, AllaDepartment of Geoinformatics, Munich University of Applied SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Nauss, ThomasFaculty of Geography, Philipps-University Marburghttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3422-0960
Krzystek, PeterMunich University of Applied Sciences, Department of GeoinformaticsUNSPECIFIED
Gossner, Martin M.Forest Entomology, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSLhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1516-6364
Schall, PeterSilviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, University of GöttingenUNSPECIFIED
Heibl, ChristophBavarian Forest National Park, Department of Researchhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7655-3299
Bässler, ClausBavarian Forest National Park, Department of ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Doerfler, InkenTerrestrial Ecology Research Group, Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Technical University of MunichUNSPECIFIED
Schulze, Ernst-DetlefMax Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryUNSPECIFIED
Krah, Franz-SebastianBavarian Forest National Park, Department of Researchhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7866-7508
Culmsee, HeikeDBU Natural Heritage, German Federal Foundation for the Environmenthttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4577-6307
Jung, KirstenEvolutionary Ecology and Conservation Genomics, University Ulmhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9449-2215
Heurich, MarcoBavarian Forest National Park, Department of ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, MarkusSenckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Paleoenvironment, S-HEPUNSPECIFIED
Seibold, SebastianTerrestrial Ecology Research Group, Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Technical University of Munichhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7968-4489
Thorn, SimonDepartment of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Würzburghttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3062-3060
Gerlach, TobiasUNESCO-Biosphere Reserve RhönUNSPECIFIED
Hothorn, TorstenEpidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of ZurichUNSPECIFIED
Weisser, Wolfgang W.Terrestrial Ecology Research Group, Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Technical University of Munichhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2757-8959
Müller, JörgBavarian Forest National Park, Department of Researchhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1409-1586
Date:18 October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Nature Communications
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1038/s41467-019-12737-x
Page Range:pp. 1-10
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Keywords:Biodiversity modelling, SAR, LiDAR, Habitat structure, Forests, Conservation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Leutner, Dr. Benjamin
Deposited On:28 Oct 2019 11:23
Last Modified:27 Feb 2020 11:17

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