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German bike messengers’ experiences and expressions of cycling anger

Oehl, Michael and Brandenburg, Stefan and Huemer, Anja Katharina (2019) German bike messengers’ experiences and expressions of cycling anger. Traffic Injury Prevention, 20 (7), pp. 753-758. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1616179 ISSN 1538-9588

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/GWSSVNATGUWT5R5E4N3P/full?target=10.1080/15389588.2019.1616179


Objective: The present study has 3 objectives: First, we wanted to examine whether the Cycling Anger Scale (CAS) applies to German professional bike messengers, because this scale was previously developed with nonprofessional cyclists in Germany. Second, we wanted to look at possible differences in cycling anger experience and expression between professional German bike messengers and nonprofessional German cyclists. Third, we explored whether cycling anger is somehow related to driving anger and general anger. Methods: We applied German versions of the CAS, the Driving Anger Scale (DAS), and the State–Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) to a sample of 123 professional German bike messengers. Then we compared their ratings with the results of 421 nonprofessional German cyclists. Results: Regarding our first objective, results indicate that the CAS model fit is better for nonprofessional than for professional cyclists. However, the CAS in a slightly modified version can be used for professional cyclists as well. As for our second objective, we show that professional cyclists experience significantly less cycling anger than nonprofessional cyclists. However, bike messengers report more frequent aggressive cycling behaviors when angry, indicating a weaker link between trait anger while cycling and aggressive behavior among professionals. Thirdly, we found relations between cycling anger, driving anger, and general anger. Conclusions: We conclude that the CAS in its slightly modified 13-item version with the established 4 subscales produces an acceptable model fit and can be applied to professional German bike messengers for further research purposes or applied issues; for example, traffic education or self-awareness in terms of accident prevention behaviors. In addition, for professional cyclists, less anger does not result in less aggressive cycling behaviors. Subsequent research should explore the role of anger in behavioral regulation of cyclists’ unsafe cycling behaviors taking different levels of experience and professionalism into account in order to reduce adverse effects of anger on traffic safety.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129771/
Document Type:Article
Title:German bike messengers’ experiences and expressions of cycling anger
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Oehl, MichaelMichael.Oehl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brandenburg, StefanTU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Huemer, Anja KatharinaTU BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 August 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Traffic Injury Prevention
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1080/15389588.2019.1616179
Page Range:pp. 753-758
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Keywords:Cycling anger, cycling anger experience, professional cyclists, nonprofessional cyclists
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC KoFiF
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Development of vehicle functions
Deposited By: Oehl, Michael
Deposited On:27 Nov 2019 08:10
Last Modified:27 Nov 2019 08:10

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