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Human Factors in Unmanned Aerial Systems in the German Bundeswehr

Melcher, Wiebke and Neumann, Markus F and Eißfeldt, Hinnerk and Schwab, Anja (2019) Human Factors in Unmanned Aerial Systems in the German Bundeswehr. Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter, 02.-04. Oct., Nantes, France.

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Abstract

In military contexts, unmanned aerial systems (UAS) efficiently fulfil reconnaissance duties and increase the safety of military personnel. However, compared to conventionally piloted aircraft, there is an increased rate of accidents involving UAS, some of which were a result of technological factors. Crucially, human factor failures have also been shown to contribute to UAS mishaps. As yet, little is known about the specific demands on operating UAS personnel. The aim of the present study, conducted in cooperation with the German Air Force’s Center of Aerospace Medicine, is to empirically assess the demands of the UAS operating positions within the German Bundeswehr. A total of 218 experienced UAS operators completed an extended version of the Fleishman Job Analysis Survey consisting of 75 scales for assessment of required abilities and skills from cognitive, psychomotor, physical, sensory and interactive/social domains. Results show both general and system- or position-specific demands on UAS operators. The outcomes of this study contribute to the development of specific requirement profiles for UAS operating personnel and will serve as a basis for future expert evaluation workshops, in which the impact of HMI concepts and designs and different levels of automation on operator demands will be determined.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129692/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Human Factors in Unmanned Aerial Systems in the German Bundeswehr
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Melcher, WiebkeWiebke.Melcher (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Neumann, Markus FMarkus.Neumann.Psy (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Eißfeldt, HinnerkHinnerk.Eissfeldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5794-4470
Schwab, AnjaGerman Air Force, Centre of Aerospace Medicine, FürstenfeldbruckUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:UAS, requirement profile, F-JAS
Event Title:Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter
Event Location:Nantes, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:02.-04. Oct.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Melcher, Wiebke
Deposited On:22 Oct 2019 11:05
Last Modified:22 Oct 2019 11:05

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