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Contingency Mitigation Strategies for Reflector Based SAR Systems

Klenk, Patrick and Reimann, Jens and Schwerdt, Marco (2019) Contingency Mitigation Strategies for Reflector Based SAR Systems. In: CEOS SAR WORKSHOP. CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal), 2019-11-18 - 2019-11-22, Frascati, Italy.

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Abstract

A range of the latest concepts for next generation Earth observation using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) baseline instruments is constructed as a phased array antenna feed paired with a large deployable reflector (LDR) / boom assembly. Reasons include operational constraints due to longer wavelengths such as L- or even P-band (e.g., Tandem-L, ROSE-L, NISAR or Biomass) as well as conducting SAR measurements from higher low-Earth-orbits (e.g., Sentinel-1-NG) or even geosynchronous orbits (HydroTerra). In comparison to traditional planar antenna array based instrument designs, employing LDR based instruments leads to a series of novel challenges which have to be addressed. One particular challenge is related to designing and implementing appropriate contingency mitigation strategies for dealing with potential failures of transmit-receive modules (TRMs). In contrast to planar antenna arrays, there is a direct correspondence between the emitted and received signals of single TRM channels and certain illuminated elevation regions on ground in the reflector case. While the inherent averaging of feed element signals of a planar array allows for graceful degradation in case of the failure of a single or even a few TRMs, this situation is much more critical for a reflector-based system. In this presentation we therefore focus on appropriate contingency mitigation strategies based upon the present reference scenario for Tandem-L, a current proposal for a future high performance SAR mission. In this context we assess in particular the potential for reflector shaping (e.g., a deliberate defocusing of the reflector) which opens a trade space which has to be carefully assessed. We find, that for a tolerable gain loss in receive in the nominal operational mode, the impact of TRM failures can be drastically reduced in a contingency case. For transmit, a re-optimization of the respective beamforming coefficients similarly allows to recover a well-shaped transmit pattern with minimal gain loss using a defocused reflector system. Based on these results, we discuss constraints and our suggestions for future reflector based SAR missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129489/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Contingency Mitigation Strategies for Reflector Based SAR Systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Klenk, PatrickPatrick.Klenk (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reimann, Jensjens.reimann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0650-9073
Schwerdt, MarcoMarco.Schwerdt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0045-3726
Date:November 2019
Journal or Publication Title:CEOS SAR WORKSHOP
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:Synthetic Aperture Radar, SAR, large deployable reflector, LDR, electromagnetic simulations, numerical optimization, antenna system design, future missions, future SAR missions, contingency mitigation, space-borne radar, Tandem-L
Event Title:CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal)
Event Location:Frascati, Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2019-11-18 - 2019-11-22
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Tandem-L Vorstudien
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Klenk, Dr. Patrick
Deposited On:14 Oct 2019 09:19
Last Modified:12 Jan 2020 17:41

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