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Novel Ventilation Concepts for Long-Range Aircraft Cabins - Thermal Comfort and Energy Efficiency

Schmeling, Daniel and Shishkin, Andrey and Dehne, Tobias and Lange, Pascal and Gores, Ingo (2021) Novel Ventilation Concepts for Long-Range Aircraft Cabins - Thermal Comfort and Energy Efficiency. In: Roomvent 2020 Conference, pp. 526-529. 15th ROOMVENT VIRTUAL 2021, 15.-17. Feb. 2021, Turin, Italien (virtuell). ISBN 9788894612301.

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Official URL: http://roomvent2020.org/


Flexible cabin layout, high demands on thermal comfort and energy efficiency as well as industrial modular design are the main challenges for aircraft engineers when addressing the ventilation of the aircraft cabins. Nowadays, standard mixing ventilation is installed in all commercial aircraft, guaranteeing a high degree of mixing and therefore a very robust and stable ventilation concept for the cabin. However, complex and weight-intensive ducts are required, the system provides only limited heat removal efficiency and high velocities are prone to cause draught on single seats. Addressing these challenges, we are investigating novel ventilation concepts within the ADVENT project - Advanced ventilation techniques for modern long-range passenger aircraft to promote future energy management systems. Low-momentum and micro-jet based concepts integrated in the ceiling, floor or sidewall modules are analyzed. The transient numerical simulations (URANS) are based on second-order finite volume schemes. In a post-processing tool chain, thermal comfort quantities, such as predicted percentage of dissatisfied or predicted mean vote are calculated. The test configuration is a slightly simplified Airbus A350 geometry with a 9-abreast seating. At the conference, we will present and discuss temperature and velocity fields, streamline visualizations, heat removal efficiencies as well as the above-mentioned comfort indices for various ventilation configurations. First results proved the energetic advantages of displacement ventilation compared with state-of-the-art mixing ventilation. Further, different locations and dimensions of the micro-jet and trickle-ceiling air inlets resulted in locally different flow fields. Here, promising locations providing a good overall comfort with high horizontal temperature homogeneity were detected.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129311/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:This project has received funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 755596 (ADVENT project).
Title:Novel Ventilation Concepts for Long-Range Aircraft Cabins - Thermal Comfort and Energy Efficiency
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Schmeling, DanielUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2712-9974UNSPECIFIED
Dehne, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0002-6961-6834UNSPECIFIED
Date:15 February 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Roomvent 2020 Conference
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 526-529
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Series Name:Proceedings Book
Keywords:aircraft ventilation, thermal comfort, computational fluid dynamics
Event Title:15th ROOMVENT VIRTUAL 2021
Event Location:Turin, Italien (virtuell)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:15.-17. Feb. 2021
Organizer:Politecnico di Torino
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGT BIT (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Ground Vehicles
Deposited By: Schmeling, Dr Daniel
Deposited On:23 Feb 2021 17:44
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:42

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