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Syngas production in the Power-to-Liquid process - Techno-economic assessment of the operating conditions

Adelung, Sandra and Maier, Simon and Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe (2019) Syngas production in the Power-to-Liquid process - Techno-economic assessment of the operating conditions. European Congress of Chemical Engineering, 15.-19.9.2019, Florenz, Italien.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

In order to decarbonize the transport sector several possible routes and measurements are currently investigated. For the air transport sector, a decarbonization seems not likely in the near future as this is one of the “difficult-to-electrify” sectors. However, a promising approach to incorporate renewable sources in this sector (defossilization) is the production of synthetic fuels from CO2 and water by using renewable power sources for hydrogen production in an electrolyzer. In this Power-to-Liquid process (see Fig. 1) the CO2 is activated at high temperature (750-950 °C) and elevated pressure (1-25 bar) via reverse water-gas shift reaction (RWGS). The produced syngas is then converted to hydrocarbons via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Besides the technical challenges to establish an efficient Power-to-Liquid process, the production costs and ways to reduce these costs are of major importance. Different parameters are varied e.g. temperature and pressure in the RWGS reactor. The evaluation of the optimum process conditions is not trivial. On the one hand, increasing the temperature and decreasing the pressure leads to a higher CO2 conversion and less CH4 formation. On the other hand decreasing the pressure leads to an increase in power consumption due to additional compression work, while higher temperatures require additional high temperature heat. The effect of this variation on reactor costs and Power-to-Liquid efficiency is assessed and discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129282/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Syngas production in the Power-to-Liquid process - Techno-economic assessment of the operating conditions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Adelung, SandraSandra.Adelung (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maier, SimonSimon.Maier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dietrich, Ralph-UweRalph-Uwe.Dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Reverse water-gas shift reactor, costs, power-tp-liquid efficiency, PtL
Event Title:European Congress of Chemical Engineering
Event Location:Florenz, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:15.-19.9.2019
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Synthetic Hydrocarbons
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy System Integration
Deposited By: Adelung, Sandra
Deposited On:27 Sep 2019 13:26
Last Modified:27 Sep 2019 13:26

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