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Increasing Helicopter Flight Safety in Maritime Operations with a Head Mounted Display

Walko, Christian and Schuchardt, Bianca Isabella (2019) Increasing Helicopter Flight Safety in Maritime Operations with a Head Mounted Display. In: 45th European Rotorcraft Forum 2019, ERF 2019. 45th European Rotorcraft Forum 2019 (ERF), 17.-20. Sept. 2019, Warschau, Polen.

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Abstract

To increase flight safety and operational availability for helicopters, the potential benefits of helmet mounted displays (HMD) are investigated, with a focus on maritime flight operations. Helicopters have long downtimes, due to harsh weather conditions or other visual impairments, especially in maritime scenarios. Flying in these poor conditions can drastically reduce flight safety. It is often difficult to recognize the horizon due to sea fog, and the absence of reference objects can complicate the maritime flight. These conditions and especially the downtimes cost money or, at worst, life's. Therefore, DLR integrated the augmented reality glasses Microsoft HoloLens into DLR's simulator AVES to use it as HMD for pilots. Subsequently, displays and symbolism were developed and evaluated. To carry out a piloted simulator study, a maritime scenario was created to measure changes in the pilots' performance with the HMD, like workload or situational awareness. The paper focuses (a) on the integration of the HoloLens into the simulator with its challenges, solutions and findings, (b) on the symbolism and (c) on the piloted simulator study. Both the quality of the HoloLens as HMD and the study results are very positive. The pilots rated high usability, reduced workload, increased situational awareness and increased safety.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129272/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Increasing Helicopter Flight Safety in Maritime Operations with a Head Mounted Display
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Walko, ChristianChristian.Walko (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5001-5089
Schuchardt, Bianca Isabellabianca.schuchardt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1251-3594
Date:19 September 2019
Journal or Publication Title:45th European Rotorcraft Forum 2019, ERF 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Augmented Reality, Helmet Mounted Display, HoloLens, Conformal Display, Human-Machine-Interface, Pilot Assistance, Helicopter, Simulator
Event Title:45th European Rotorcraft Forum 2019 (ERF)
Event Location:Warschau, Polen
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:17.-20. Sept. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Simulation and Validation, L - The Innovative Rotorcraft
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Rotorcraft
Deposited By: Walko, Christian
Deposited On:10 Jan 2020 17:58
Last Modified:10 Jan 2020 17:58

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