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Techniques of Artificial Intelligence for Space Applications - A Survey

Meß, Jan-Gerd and Dannemann, Frank and Greif, Fabian (2019) Techniques of Artificial Intelligence for Space Applications - A Survey. In: European Workshop on On-Board Data Processing (OBDP2019). European Space Agency. European Workshop on On-Board Data Processing (OBDP2019), 25.-27. Feb. 2019, Noordwijk, Niederlande.

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Abstract

The possibilities to observe and interact with any given spacecraft are naturally limited compared to groundbased systems due to a number of factors. These include but are not limited to the availability and bandwidth of their connection to ground, the availability of staff, communication latencies and power budgets. While a minimum level of autonomy is required for every spacecraft, past experiments and missions have shown that introducing more sophisticated autonomy mechanisms can drastically increase the efficiency for many missions in terms of reliability, science output and required operational effort. Artificial intelligence poses an increasingly popular approach for implementing on-board autonomy. The number of techniques and variants of artificial intelligence available in the literature is, however, just as diversified as their potential field of application. To provide an overview of the current state of the art of artificial intelligence and its application for space systems, this paper provides an extensive survey on existing techniques and algorithms as well as existing and potential applications on board spacecraft and on ground. The survey focuses on autonomous planning and scheduling of operations, self-awareness, anomaly detection and Fault Detection Isolation and Recovery (FDIR), on-board data analysis as well as onboard operations and processing of earth-observation data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129255/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Techniques of Artificial Intelligence for Space Applications - A Survey
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meß, Jan-GerdJan-Gerd.Mess (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2117-3483
Dannemann, FrankFrank.Dannemann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0636-5866
Greif, FabianFabian.Greif (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7494-909X
Date:26 February 2019
Journal or Publication Title:European Workshop on On-Board Data Processing (OBDP2019)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:European Space Agency
Status:Published
Keywords:Artificial Intelligence, Autonomy, FDIR
Event Title:European Workshop on On-Board Data Processing (OBDP2019)
Event Location:Noordwijk, Niederlande
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:25.-27. Feb. 2019
Organizer:ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Deposited By: Meß, Jan-Gerd
Deposited On:25 Sep 2019 08:57
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 08:57

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