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DNA damage of the lichen Buellia frigida after 1.5 years in space using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique

Backhaus, T. and Meeßen, J. and Demets, R. and de Vera, J. P. and Ott, S. (2019) DNA damage of the lichen Buellia frigida after 1.5 years in space using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique. Planetary and Space Science, 177, p. 104687. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2019.07.002 ISSN 0032-0633

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032063318302927?via%3Dihub

Abstract

As part of the ESA space experiment BIOMEX (Biology and Mars Experiment) the lichen Buellia frigida has been exposed to space and simulated Mars analogue conditions on the expose facility EXPOSE-R2 placed outside the Russian Zvezda module on the International Space Station (ISS) for 1.5 years. Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique has been carried out to study the effect of space conditions on the DNA integrity as well as to assess DNA damage. The RAPD profiles of the space exposed lichen samples demonstrate conspicuous changes compared to the control profiles. For the survival of cells and entire organisms the DNA integrity is an essential prerequisite. The results of the study presented indicate a minor resistance potential of the lichen Buellia frigida towards Low Earth Orbit and Mars analogue conditions effecting the survival potential and the resistance of the symbiotic organism.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/129099/
Document Type:Article
Title:DNA damage of the lichen Buellia frigida after 1.5 years in space using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Backhaus, T.Institut für Botanik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität (HHU), Universitätsstr.1, 40225 Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Meeßen, J.Institute of Botany, Heinrich-Heine University, Universitätsstr.1, 40225 Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Demets, R.ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
de Vera, J. P.DLR, German Aerospace Center, Management and Infrastructure, Astrobiological Laboratories, Berlin, Germany.https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821
Ott, S.Institut für Botanik, Heinrich-Heine Universität (HHU), Düsseldorf, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2 July 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:177
DOI :10.1016/j.pss.2019.07.002
Page Range:p. 104687
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0032-0633
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology; BIOMEX; Space conditions; Mars-analogue conditions; DNA; RAPD
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:13 Sep 2019 07:55
Last Modified:13 Sep 2019 07:55

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