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The COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection Role, Structure and Activities

Coustenis, A. and Kminek, G. and Hedman, N. and Ammannito, E. and Deshevaya, E. and Doran, P.T. and Grasset, O. and Green, J. and Hayes, A. and Lei, L. and Nakamura, A. and Prieto-Ballesteros, O. and Raulin, F. and Rettberg, P. and Sreekumar, P. and Tsuneta, S. and Viso, M. and Zaitsev, M. and Zorzano-Mier, M.-P. (2019) The COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection Role, Structure and Activities. Space Research Today, 205, pp. 14-26. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.srt.2019.06.013 ISSN 1752-9298

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.srt.2019.06.013

Abstract

The exploration and use of outer space is the province of all humankind. This principle in Article I of the UN Outer Space Treaty guarantees the freedom to explore outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, without discrimination, and to carry out scientific investigations. This freedom, however, comes with a responsibility described in Article IX of the same Treaty. It states that space activities have to be conducted with due regard to the corresponding interests of all other States Parties to the Treaty. The avoidance of potentially harmful interference with activities of other States Parties is central. The harmful contamination of the Moon and other celestial bodies and the need to ensure safety of the Earth are highlighted in this context. With the entry into force of the Outer Space Treaty in 1967, planetary protection became part of international law. In observance of those treaty obligations, an international standard for planetary protection has been developed by the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) which provides a forum for international consultation and has formulated a Planetary Protection Policy with associated requirements that are put in place after examination of the most updated relevant scientific studies and recommendations made by the COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128853/
Document Type:Article
Title:The COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection Role, Structure and Activities
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Coustenis, A.Laboratoire d’Etudes Spatiales et d’Instrumentation en Astrophysique-LESIA, Paris Observatory, CNRS, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Kminek, G.European Space Agency (ESA), The Netherlands; gerhard.kminek (at) esa.intUNSPECIFIED
Hedman, N.Committee, Policy and Legal Affairs Section, Office for Outer Space Affairs, United Nations Office at Vienna, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Ammannito, E.Italian Space Agency (ASI), Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Deshevaya, E.Russian Federation State Research Center Institute of Biomedical Problems RAS—IBMP, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Doran, P.T.Department of Geology and Geophysics, Louisiana State Univ., USAUNSPECIFIED
Grasset, O.Nantes University, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Green, J.NASA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hayes, A.Cornell University, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lei, L.NSSC, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Nakamura, A.Department Planetology, Kobe University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Prieto-Ballesteros, O.Centro de Astrobiología—CSIC-INTA, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Raulin, F.LISA, Univ. Paris Est, CNRS, Univ. Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, P.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Sreekumar, P.Indian Space Research Organisation—ISRO, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Tsuneta, S.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency—JAXA, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science–ISAS, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Viso, M.Centre National des Etudes Spatiales—CNES, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Zaitsev, M.Planetary physics department, Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences—IKI RAS, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Zorzano-Mier, M.-P.Group of Atmospheric Science—GAS, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, and CSIC-INTA, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 August 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Space Research Today
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:205
DOI :10.1016/j.srt.2019.06.013
Page Range:pp. 14-26
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1752-9298
Status:Published
Keywords:Planetary Protection, COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:20 Sep 2019 11:32
Last Modified:20 Sep 2019 11:32

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