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An international dialogue about electric vehicle deployment to bring energy and greenhouse gas benefits through 2030 on a well-to-wheels basis

Ehrenberger, Simone I. and Dunn, Jennifer B. and Jungmeier, Gerfried and Wang, Huwe (2019) An international dialogue about electric vehicle deployment to bring energy and greenhouse gas benefits through 2030 on a well-to-wheels basis. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 74, pp. 245-254. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2019.07.027 ISBN 1361-9209 ISSN 1361-9209

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361920917310349?dgcid

Abstract

In this paper, we aim to assess the potential influence of increased adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) on a well-to-wheel (WTW) basis in the four countries with highest passenger car sales (Germany, the United States, China, and Japan), and Norway which represents a highly renewable energy market on greenhouse gas emissions. To characterize these emissions, we define critical parameters regarding fleet composition, activity, efficiency and fuel production in each country. Overall, with today’s technology at a national average level, on a per km driven basis, battery electric vehicles emit fewer greenhouse gases than conventional vehicles in all countries. Though vehicle energy consumption is similar in all countries, electricity production energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions per kWh electricity vary considerably, with Norway and China representing the low and high emitting endpoints, respectively. As electricity generation decarbonizes, EVs have the potential to be lower greenhouse-gas emitting than gasoline vehicles in all countries considered. The complexity of EV analysis across international boundaries, time periods, and environmental media complicates communication of EV benefits to stakeholders. Analysts must continue to address and clearly communicate the influence of EV and electricity production technology advancement into the future on EV impacts on all environmental media (air, water, land).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128780/
Document Type:Article
Title:An international dialogue about electric vehicle deployment to bring energy and greenhouse gas benefits through 2030 on a well-to-wheels basis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ehrenberger, Simone I.Simone.Ehrenberger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2148-5129
Dunn, Jennifer B.Argonne National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Jungmeier, GerfriedJoanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbHUNSPECIFIED
Wang, HuweTshinghua UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:74
DOI :10.1016/j.trd.2019.07.027
Page Range:pp. 245-254
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1361-9209
ISBN:1361-9209
Status:Published
Keywords:Electric vehicles (EV), Well-to-wheel analysis (WTW), Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, Market share
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Transport und Klima, V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Ehrenberger, Simone
Deposited On:14 Oct 2019 09:07
Last Modified:14 Oct 2019 09:07

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