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Development and application of an airborne differential absorption lidar for the simultaneous measurement of ozone and water vapor profiles in the tropopause region

Fix, Andreas and Steinebach, Felix and Wirth, Martin and Schäfler, Andreas and Ehret, Gerhard (2019) Development and application of an airborne differential absorption lidar for the simultaneous measurement of ozone and water vapor profiles in the tropopause region. Applied Optics, 58 (22), pp. 5892-5900. Optical Society of America. DOI: 10.1364/AO.58.005892 ISSN 1559-128X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.58.005892

Abstract

A new, combined, lidar system has been developed that is able to simultaneously measure profiles of ozone and water vapor onboard aircraft. The concurrent measurement of these complementary trace species in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere allows inferring exchange processes in the tropopause region. Whereas an advanced H2O differential absorption lidar at 935 nm has successfully been developed and extensively tested at DLR in the past, we describe here an amendment of this lidar by the addition of an ultraviolet (UV) channel to measure ozone. The transmitter of the ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) is based on a near-IR optical parametric oscillator that is frequency-converted into the UV spectral range by intracavity sum frequency mixing. Hereby, a continuous UV tuning range of ∼297–317  nm has been achieved. The average output power in this range is higher than 1 W corresponding to more than 10 mJ per pulse at a repetition rate of 100 Hz. The ozone DIAL system has been carefully characterized both on the ground and in flight. The first simultaneously measured two-dimensional cross-sections of ozone and water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere have been recorded during the Wave-driven Isentropic Exchange (WISE) field campaign in 2017 demonstrating the high potential of this system for studying exchange processes in this region of the atmosphere.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128607/
Document Type:Article
Title:Development and application of an airborne differential absorption lidar for the simultaneous measurement of ozone and water vapor profiles in the tropopause region
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fix, AndreasDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2818-9290
Steinebach, FelixDLR, IPA und TWK Elektronik, DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Wirth, MartinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5951-2252
Schäfler, AndreasDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6165-6623
Ehret, GerhardDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 July 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Optics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:58
DOI :10.1364/AO.58.005892
Page Range:pp. 5892-5900
Publisher:Optical Society of America
ISSN:1559-128X
Status:Published
Keywords:Lidar; DIAL, differential absorption lidar; Parametric oscillators and amplifiers; Atmospheric composition; Ozone; Water Vapour
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Fix, Dr.rer.nat. Andreas
Deposited On:25 Jul 2019 17:54
Last Modified:25 Jul 2019 17:54

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