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ASIP development of a real-time control module for a retrodirective antenna array

Engroff, Alian and Girardi, Alessandro and Heckler, Marcos Vinicio Thomas and Winterstein, Andreas and Greda, Lukasz (2019) ASIP development of a real-time control module for a retrodirective antenna array. AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 109, pp. 31-42. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.aeue.2019.06.020 ISSN 1434-8411

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1434841118321472

Abstract

Electronically steerable antenna arrays become attractive due the possibility of simultaneously steering the main lobe in the desired direction and suppressing side lobes only by means of electronic control of excitation currents, hence avoiding mechanical components. However, this type of antenna requires intensive calculation for setting the excitation current of each array element in order to shape the radiation pattern for retransmission, thus demanding a dedicated hardware. This work reports the development of a digital control module for a retrodirective antenna array based on a customized dedicated microcontroller called PAMPIUM, which has been implemented on FPGA, aiming real-time response and low power consumption. A methodology for generation of optimized hardware in terms of area, power efficiency and performance is discussed. A design tool to provide the user with a practical and intuitive environment has been developed, which allows simulating and assessing statistics about execution and performance of the designed architecture. The developed digital control module is capable of updating the current coefficients of an eight-element antenna array in less than 1 s with a power consumption of 5.3 mW for beamsteering angles from 0° to 60°. The proposed methodology allows the demonstration of full efficiency of a retrodirective antenna array system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128592/
Document Type:Article
Title:ASIP development of a real-time control module for a retrodirective antenna array
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Engroff, AlianUNIPAMPAUNSPECIFIED
Girardi, AlessandroUNIPAMPAUNSPECIFIED
Heckler, Marcos Vinicio ThomasMarcos.Heckler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Winterstein, AndreasAndreas.Winterstein (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5239-5556
Greda, Lukaszlukasz.greda (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7433-7181
Date:29 June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:109
DOI :10.1016/j.aeue.2019.06.020
Page Range:pp. 31-42
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDElsevier
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1434-8411
Status:Published
Keywords:Retrodirective antenna array; Control module; FPGA; PSO
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Multimedia Satellitennetze
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Winterstein, Dipl.-Ing. Andreas
Deposited On:29 Jul 2019 09:08
Last Modified:29 Jul 2019 09:08

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