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Towards Early Warning for Damages to Cultural Heritage Sites: The Case of Palmyra

Cerra, Daniele and Plank, Simon Manuel (2019) Towards Early Warning for Damages to Cultural Heritage Sites: The Case of Palmyra. In: Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Landscapes Springer Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry. Springer. pp. 221-239. ISBN 978 3 030 10978 3. ISSN 2198-0721

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Official URL: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030109783

Abstract

The intentional damage to local cultural heritage sites carried out in recent months by the Islamic State has received wide coverage from the media worldwide, raising the awareness for the need of prompt, safe, non-invasive damage detection and assessment surveys. Earth observation data represents the only reliable, non-invasive information source in areas which are not accessible due to conflicts or natural disasters. In order to provide a fast response, automated Image processing techniques are needed to speed up the analysis. This chapter shows a comprehensive case of study for damage detection and monitoring in time through a series of satellite images acquired over the city of Palmyra, Syria, which suffered huge losses related to its cultural heritage in a time span longer than a year. Maps highlighting potential damages are derived from robust change detection techniques, based on changes in the textural features characterizing pre- and postdisaster satellite data. Such information could help experts at timely assessing the damages to cultural heritage sites of interest, and a chronological study of the different damages can be produced if a satellite image time series is available on the site of interest. Furthermore, the idea of marking sensitive areas characterized by different criticality is introduced: early damage detection routines could thus be restricted to the most important or threatened sites or expanded to larger areas or surrounding urbanizations. For this purpose, a pair of images acquired on the City of Sirwah, Yemen, are analysed, and the change detection results are discussed in this frame.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128527/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Towards Early Warning for Damages to Cultural Heritage Sites: The Case of Palmyra
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Cerra, Danieledaniele.cerra (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2984-8315
Plank, Simon ManuelSimon.Plank (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5793-052X
Date:June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Landscapes
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-10979-0
Page Range:pp. 221-239
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Hadjimitsis, DiofantosUNSPECIFIED
Themistocleous, KyriacosUNSPECIFIED
Cuca, BrankaUNSPECIFIED
Agapiou, AthosUNSPECIFIED
Lysandrou, VasilikiUNSPECIFIED
Lasaponara, RosaUNSPECIFIED
Masini, NicolaUNSPECIFIED
Schreier, GunterUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Springer Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry
ISSN:2198-0721
ISBN:978 3 030 10978 3
Status:Published
Keywords:Cultural heritage, Palmyra, Earth observation Monitoring, Change detection techniques, Damage assessment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Knickl, Sabine
Deposited On:02 Aug 2019 13:47
Last Modified:02 Aug 2019 13:47

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