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EURO-CARES - A European Sample Curation Facility for Sample Return Missions

Russell, Sara and Smith, Caroline and Hutzler, Aurore and Meneghin, Andrea and Berthoud, Lucy and Aleon, Jerome and Bennett, Allan and Bridges, John and Brucato, John Robert and Debaille, Vinciane and Dryer, Ben and Ferriere, Ludovic and Folco, Luigi and Foucher, Frederic and Franchi, Ian and Gemelli, Maurizio and Gounelle, Matthieu and Grady, Monica and Guest, Mike and Holt, John and Leuko, Stefan and Longobardo, Andrea and Marrocchi, Yves and Palomba, Ernesto and Pottage, Thomas and Rettberg, Petra and Rotundi, Alessandra and Vrublevskis, John and Westall, Frances and Zipfel, Jutta (2019) EURO-CARES - A European Sample Curation Facility for Sample Return Missions. In: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, pp. 1-9. 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2-9 March 2019, Big Sky, MT, USA, USA. DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2019.8741703

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2019.8741703

Abstract

EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from the Exploration of Space) was a three-year multinational project (2015–2017) funded by the European Commission's Horizon 2020 research programme. The objective of EURO-CARES was to create a roadmap for the implementation of a European Extra-terrestrial Sample Curation Facility (ESCF). This facility was intended to be suitable for the curation of samples from return missions from the Moon, asteroids, Mars, and other bodies of the Solar System. The EURO-CARES project covered five technical areas, led by scientists and engineers from institutions across Europe. 1. Planetary Protection: Planetary protection requirements and implementation approaches were assessed by experts and guided by international policy. Existing sterilization methods and techniques were reviewed. It was found that measures already employed for high containment biosafety facilities are suitable for a restricted sample return mission. However, the development of certain technologies, such as a ‘double walled’ isolator, remote manipulation, integration of scientific analytical instruments, etc., is also required. 2. Facilities and Infrastructure: Aspects from building design to storage of the samples were examined in the project. Requirements for the facility included that it contained a receiving laboratory, a cleaning and opening laboratory, a bio-assessment laboratory, a curation laboratory, and sample storage. Different design solutions were prepared in collaboration with architects. 3. Instruments and Methods: The methodology of characterisation of returned samples and the instrument base required at the ESCF were determined. The analyses provide an appropriate level of characterisation while ensuring minimal contamination and minimal alteration of the sample. When the samples are returned to Earth, several stages of studies would be conducted. 4. Analogue Samples: Analogue proxy samples were considered critical for testing sample handling, preparation techniques, storage conditions, planetary protection measures, as well as to validate new analytical methods. A list of useful analogue samples has been assembled. 5. Sample Transport: The Earth re-entry capsule from a sample return mission is targeted at a specific landing ellipse on Earth and must then be transported safely to the ESCF in an appropriate transport container. Lessons learned from past sample return missions show that preparations for recovery included: training of the recovery team for every possible scenario, possible temporary facilities nearby the landing site, environmental measurements and collection of samples at the landing site, added to this if necessary, would be planetary protection measures. In conclusion, long-term curation of extra-terrestrial samples requires that the samples are kept clean to minimize the risk of Earth contaminants, at the same time as contained, in case of a restricted sample return. This work describes a roadmap for a combined high containment and ultraclean European sample curation facility and the development of the necessary novel scientific and engineering methods and techniques.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128235/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference - Conference Proceedings
Title:EURO-CARES - A European Sample Curation Facility for Sample Return Missions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Russell, SaraThe Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UKUNSPECIFIED
Smith, CarolineThe Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UKUNSPECIFIED
Hutzler, AuroreNASA JSC-Astromaterials Research and Exploration Sciences, Houston, TX, 77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Meneghin, AndreaIstituto Nazionale di Astrofisica Osservatorio di Arcetri, 5, Largo Enrico Fermi, Firenze, FI, 50125, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Berthoud, LucyThales Alenia Space, Bristol Business Park Coldharbour Lane, Bristol, BS16 1EJ, UKUNSPECIFIED
Aleon, JeromeMNHN, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Bennett, AllanPHE, UKUNSPECIFIED
Bridges, JohnLEI, UKUNSPECIFIED
Brucato, John RobertINAF, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Debaille, VincianeULB, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Dryer, BenOU, UKUNSPECIFIED
Ferriere, LudovicNHM, Vienna, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Folco, LuigiUniversità di Pisa, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Foucher, FredericCBM, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Franchi, IanOU, UKUNSPECIFIED
Gemelli, MaurizioUniversità di Pisa, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Gounelle, MatthieuMNHN, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Grady, MonicaOU, UKUNSPECIFIED
Guest, MikeTAS, UKUNSPECIFIED
Holt, JohnLEI, UKUNSPECIFIED
Leuko, StefanRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; stefan.leuko (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0423-0896
Longobardo, AndreaINAF, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Marrocchi, YvesCRPG, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Palomba, ErnestoINAF, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Pottage, ThomasPHE, UKUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Rotundi, AlessandraINAF, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Vrublevskis, JohnTAS, UKUNSPECIFIED
Westall, FrancesCBM, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Zipfel, JuttaSenckenberg Institute, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:20 June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1109/AERO.2019.8741703
Page Range:pp. 1-9
Status:Published
Keywords:EURO-CARES (European Curation of Astromaterials Returned from the Exploration of Space)
Event Title:2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference
Event Location:Big Sky, MT, USA, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2-9 March 2019
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:03 Jul 2019 13:01
Last Modified:16 Sep 2019 14:56

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