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Maintaining Crew Bone Health

Rittweger, Jörn (2019) Maintaining Crew Bone Health. In: Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft and Extraterrestrial Habitats Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-09575-2.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/referencework/10.1007/978-3-319-09575-2

Abstract

Bone loss continues to be a concern in spaceflight, with some crew members depicting local losses of up to 25% within a 6-month mission. Possible causes are direct or indirect effects by microgravity, radiation, dietary restriction, and atmospheric challenges. Despite their magnitude, bone losses have not yet led to increased fracture rates in astronauts returning from low-Earth orbit (LEO) missions. This could change for deep space missions, in particular to planets where falls and trauma will occur. Physical countermeasures, meant to provide musculoskeletal loading forces in the body’s lower half, are an important contribution to crew bone health. This requirement becomes an increasing imperative with prolonged missions. Forces and moments transmitted from exercise devices should therefore be considered at an early stage of the planning of space habitats. In addition, appropriate shielding against ionizing radiation, avoidance of exaggerated accumulation of CO2, and provision of a balanced diet will all contribute to bone health in astronaut crews.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128234/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Maintaining Crew Bone Health
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:March 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft and Extraterrestrial Habitats
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-09575-2
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Seedhouse, ErikUNSPECIFIED
Shayler, DavidUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
ISBN:978-3-319-09575-2
Status:Published
Keywords:Musculoskeletal system Spaceflight Bone loss Countermeasure exercise Mechanical adaptation Metabolism Fracture Calcified tissue Countermeasure
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:03 Jul 2019 12:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:25

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