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Thermoelectric Generators in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications: Development Approach and Optimization under Real Driving Conditions

Heber, Lars and Schwab, Julian (2019) Thermoelectric Generators in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications: Development Approach and Optimization under Real Driving Conditions. ICT/ACT 2019 - International Conference on Thermoeletrics, 30. Jun. - 04. Jul. 2019, Gyeonggju, Korea.

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Abstract

Despite technological progress such as advances of the internal combustion engine, heavy-duty vehicles are responsible for a large share of emissions from road transport in the European Union due to the high annual mileage and the increase in freight transport. For this reason, carbon dioxide limit values will be introduced for the first time in this market in the near future, including a 30% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions from new vehicles in 2030 compared with the reference year 2019 [1]. Against this background and the pressure to avoid fines, technological innovations are essential to meet these emission limits. Increasing the efficiency of modern heavy-duty vehicles represents an important approach. At this time, about 2/3 of the chemical energy of the fuel is lost through waste heat in roughly equal proportions via the coolant and exhaust system of the engine. A waste heat recovery system offers the potential to increase efficiency in order to reduce fuel consumption and thus emissions. Waste heat recovery systems in the form of a thermoelectric generator offer an attractive solution with low system complexity. Based on the Seebeck effect, thermoelectric generators convert the existing thermal energy of the exhaust gas directly into electrical current. Integrated into the exhaust gas system of the vehicle, thermoelectric generators can convert a part of the previously unused energy for supplying the on-board electrical system or charging the battery and relieve the alternator. The system advantages are low maintenance costs, low system weight, small installation volume and a competitive as well as an economical cost-benefit ratio. For this reason, this paper presents the system design of a thermoelectric generator in modern Euro VI heavy-duty vehicles. The objective of the procedure is to demonstrate that the system can meet the challenging economic requirements with regard to the total cost of ownership. This requires an efficient system design. Therefore a holistic perspective with the specific analysis and consideration of the limited cooling capacity shall be presented. The development and optimization is carried out using a model-based design approach and a multi-domain simulation under stationary and dynamic boundary conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/128191/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Thermoelectric Generators in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications: Development Approach and Optimization under Real Driving Conditions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Heber, LarsLars.Heber (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5077-0984
Schwab, JulianJulian.Schwab (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2606-2878
Date:July 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Energy Recovery; Waste Heat Recovery System; Thermoelectric Generator; Automotive Application; Natural Gas Heavy-Duty Vehicle.
Event Title:ICT/ACT 2019 - International Conference on Thermoeletrics
Event Location:Gyeonggju, Korea
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30. Jun. - 04. Jul. 2019
Organizer:The Korean Institue of Metals and Materials
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Antriebssystem und Energiemanagement
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts
Deposited By: Heber, Lars
Deposited On:14 Oct 2019 09:05
Last Modified:14 Oct 2019 09:05

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