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Lidar Soundings of Noctilucent Clouds during the PMC Turbo Balloon Mission

Kaifler, Natalie and Kaifler, Bernd and Rapp, Markus and Fritts, D. C. and Williams, Bifford P. and Kjellstrand, Bjorn and Geach, Christopher and Miller, Amber and Limon, Michele and Hanany, Shaul and Jones, Glenn and Reimuller, Jason (2019) Lidar Soundings of Noctilucent Clouds during the PMC Turbo Balloon Mission. 24th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon programmes and related research, 16.-20. Jun. 2019, Essen, Germany. (Unpublished)

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Official URL: https://atpi.eventsair.com/QuickEventWebsitePortal/pac-symposium-2018/home/ExtraContent/ContentSubPage?page=1&subPage=7

Abstract

Noctilucent clouds are optically thin layers of ice particles occuring around 83 km altitude during polar summer. Their intriguing fine-scale structure provides a means to study atmospheric waves and instabilities in the sensitive mesopause region of our atmosphere. For the first time, noctilucent clouds were observed using a backscatter lidar and multiple cameras from a balloon platform. The NASA long-duration balloon PMC-Turbo was launched in July 2018 from Kiruna, Sweden, and floated at 40 km altitude during six days to northern Canada. During the mission, a large dataset with unprecedented high-resolution soundings of noctilucent clouds down to scales of few meters were obtained. The combination of near-vertical lidar soundings with horizontal structures visible in narrow- and wide-field of view cameras allows to fully characterize the morphological structures of noctilucent clouds that are modulated by gravity waves, and reveal dynamic processes such as the breaking of these waves, the generation of various types of instabilities and transitions to turbulence.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127963/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Lidar Soundings of Noctilucent Clouds during the PMC Turbo Balloon Mission
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kaifler, NatalieDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3118-6480
Kaifler, BerndDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5891-242X
Rapp, MarkusDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1508-5900
Fritts, D. C.GATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Williams, Bifford P.GATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Kjellstrand, BjornColumbia UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Geach, ChristopherUniversity of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
Miller, AmberUniversity of Southern CaliforniaUNSPECIFIED
Limon, MicheleColumbia UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Hanany, ShaulUniversity of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
Jones, GlennColumbia UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Reimuller, JasonIntegr. Space. S.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:lidar, balloon, noctilucent clouds, polar mesosopheric clouds
Event Title:24th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon programmes and related research
Event Location:Essen, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-20. Jun. 2019
Organizer:DLR, ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):Vorhaben Mittlere Atmosphäre
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Kaifler, Dr. Natalie
Deposited On:25 Jun 2019 13:32
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:25

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