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Sustainable survival under climatic extremes: linking flood risk mitigation and coping with flood damages in rural Pakistan

Abbas, Azhar and Amjath-Babu, T.S. and Kächele, Harald and Usman, Muhammad and Iqbal, M. Amjed and Arshad, Muhammad and Shahid, M. Adnan and Müller, Klaus (2018) Sustainable survival under climatic extremes: linking flood risk mitigation and coping with flood damages in rural Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (32), pp. 32491-32505. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-3203-8 ISSN 0944-1344

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356-018-3203-8

Abstract

Various measures are adopted by flood-prone households for the mitigation of flood risk along with various post-flood coping strategies. We analyze the role of various ex ante household-level flood mitigation strategies in influencing riverine flood damages. The study also presents an account on the linkages of various ex post coping strategies and flood damages experienced in a flood event in Pakistan. For achieving a uniform flood damage indicator, polychoric principle component analysis (PCA) is employed to construct a composite flood damage index considering various aspects of economic, social, and psychological impacts of a flood event. The adjusted flood damage index is regressed on various socioeconomic features and ex ante mitigation actions to know their effect on the former. Results indicate that distance from river, elevating house, and pre-shifting investigating about flooding problem help in significantly reducing the overall flood damages. Likewise, group-based actions like voting political candidates based on their flood-control promises, organizing grass-root group meetings, and raising voices through memos/petitions are found to significantly reduce flood-related damages while leaving house premises before flooding is found to increase the overall flood damage. Post-flood coping strategies comprise of social and financial support along with some livelihood diversification and disinvestment strategies such as selling livestock, jewelry, and withdrawing children from schools. Borrowing money, reducing food consumption, and agricultural diversification are more prevalent strategies among low and medium damage groups while consuming savings is more conspicuous among high damage group. The study concludes with the emphasis on policy interventions for effective early warning, location-specific flood intensity information, and proper streamlining of planning process and compensation system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127956/
Document Type:Article
Title:Sustainable survival under climatic extremes: linking flood risk mitigation and coping with flood damages in rural Pakistan
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Abbas, AzharUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Amjath-Babu, T.S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kächele, HaraldUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Usman, Muhammadmuhammad.usman (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Iqbal, M. AmjedUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arshad, MuhammadUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shahid, M. AdnanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Müller, KlausUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:25
DOI :10.1007/s11356-018-3203-8
Page Range:pp. 32491-32505
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0944-1344
Status:Published
Keywords:Livelihood, Diversification, Composite, Rural, Elevation, Social support
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:25 Jun 2019 07:57
Last Modified:25 Jun 2019 07:57

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