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Similar relative decline in aerobic and anaerobic power with age with in elite endurance and power master athletes of both sexes

Bagley, Liam and Mc Phee, Jamie S. and Ganse, Bergita and Müller, Klaus and Korhonen, Marko and Rittweger, Jörn and Degens, Hans (2019) Similar relative decline in aerobic and anaerobic power with age with in elite endurance and power master athletes of both sexes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 29 (6), pp. 791-799. Wiley. DOI: 10.1111/sms.13404 ISSN 0905-7188

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Abstract

Lower physical activity levels in old age are thought to contribute to the age‐related decline in peak aerobic and anaerobic power. Master athletes maintain high levels of physical activity with advancing age and endurance or power training may influence the extent to which these physical functions decline with advancing age. To investigate, 37‐90‐year‐old power (n = 20, 45% female) and endurance (n = 19, 58% female) master athletes were recruited. Maximal aerobic power was assessed when cycling two‐legged (VO2Peak2‐leg) and cycling one‐legged (VO2Peak1‐leg), while peak jumping (anaerobic) power was assessed by a countermovement jump. Men and women had a similar VO2Peak2‐leg (mL/kg/min, P = 0.138) and similar ratio of VO2Peak1‐leg to VO2Peak2‐leg (P = 0.959) and similar ratio of peak aerobic to anaerobic power (P = 0.261). The VO2Peak2‐leg (mL/kg/min) was 17% (P = 0.022) and the peak rate of fat oxidation (FATmax) during steady‐state cycling was 45% higher in endurance than power athletes (P = 0.001). The anaerobic power was 33% higher in power than endurance athletes (P = 0.022). The VO2Peak1‐leg:VO2Peak2‐leg ratio did not differ significantly between disciplines, but the aerobic to anaerobic power ratio was 40% higher in endurance than power athletes (P = 0.002). Anaerobic power, VO2Peak2‐leg, VO2Peak1‐leg, and power at FATmax decreased by around 7%‐14% per decade in male and female power and endurance athletes. The cross‐sectional data from 37‐90‐year‐old master athletes in the present study indicate that peak anaerobic and aerobic power decline by around 7%‐14% per decade and this does not differ between athletic disciplines or sexes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127497/
Document Type:Article
Title:Similar relative decline in aerobic and anaerobic power with age with in elite endurance and power master athletes of both sexes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bagley, LiamSchool of Healthcare Science, ManchesterUNSPECIFIED
Mc Phee, Jamie S.Department of Sport and ExerciseUNSPECIFIED
Ganse, BergitaDepartment of OrthopaedicUNSPECIFIED
Müller, KlausKlaus.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Korhonen, MarkoUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Degens, Hansh.degens (at) mmu.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:29
DOI :10.1111/sms.13404
Page Range:pp. 791-799
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0905-7188
Status:Published
Keywords:aging, fatty acid oxidation, master athletes, VO2Peak
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:23 May 2019 12:12
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:21

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