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Comprehensive transportation and energy analysis: A price sensitive, time-specific microsimulation of electric vehicles

Steck, Felix and Anderson, John Erik and Kuhnimhof, Tobias and Hoyer-Klick, Carsten (2019) Comprehensive transportation and energy analysis: A price sensitive, time-specific microsimulation of electric vehicles. In: CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 1: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD. Transportation Research Board 98th Annual Meeting, 13.-17. Jan. 2019, Washington, D.C., USA.

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Abstract

Despite ambitious climate goals, the German transportation sector has failed to reduce emissions. As these emissions are dominated by personal vehicles, electric vehicles are central for achieving environmental objectives. To determine potential emission reductions from electric vehicles, a detailed analysis of the transportation and energy sectors is necessary. Thus we present a methodology to calculate charging demand of electric vehicles using a time and location specific microsimulation and probability estimation based on a utility function for charging behavior. The transportation model is coupled with a detailed energy model for Germany, which provides electricity generation per energy source on an hourly basis over a year. We apply the methodology and models to the case study of Germany in 2030 for five scenarios. The scenarios represent difference pricing schemes reflecting policy options for electric vehicles. The results show that charging demand can be shifted using market incentives. We find that charging subsidies can shift charging demand to or away from peaks. We then combine charging demand with the energy model to quantify the CO2 emissions. The results show that shifting charging demand can reduce emissions, albeit at a minimal level. For the entire year, shifting charging to the daytime can reduce emissions by 2%. New areas of research including bidirectional charging and hourly pricing are needed to ensure maximum emission reductions from electric vehicles.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127475/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Comprehensive transportation and energy analysis: A price sensitive, time-specific microsimulation of electric vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Steck, FelixFelix.Steck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, John Erikjohn.anderson (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7615-7926
Kuhnimhof, TobiasTobias.Kuhnimhof (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hoyer-Klick, CarstenCarsten.Hoyer-Klick (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7273-9176
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 1: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:Electric vehicles, charging demand, charging behavior, sector-coupling, greenhouse gas emissions, price sensitivity
Event Title:Transportation Research Board 98th Annual Meeting
Event Location:Washington, D.C., USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. Jan. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics
Deposited By: Steck, Felix
Deposited On:21 Jun 2019 19:53
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:25

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