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Modeling solid-electrolyte interphase Formation on silicon interfaces

von Kolzenberg, Lars and Horstmann, Birger and Latz, Arnulf (2019) Modeling solid-electrolyte interphase Formation on silicon interfaces. Batterietagung, 03.-04. April 2019, Aachen.

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Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries combine good long-term stability and performance. These properties have made Lithium-ion batteries the benchmark energy storage for hand-held electronics and electric vehicles. Nevertheless, there is an industrial urge to further push the technology towards higher capacities and longer battery life. Increasing the lifetime of Lithium-ion batteries is currently a fundamental challenge for battery research. Due to the growth of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) during storage and cycling, capacity is irreversibly lost. Silicon anodes are a promising approach for further increasing the capacity of Lithium-ion batteries, as they show the tenfold theoretical specific capacity of the currently used graphite anodes. However, the SEI growth is even more severe for silicon anodes: large volume expansions of ~300% exert high mechanical stresses and fracture the SEI. The resulting cracks subsequently expose the pristine electrode leading to SEI reformation and thereby continuous capacity decrease. In order to further understand SEI growth, our group developed a model describing SEI growth on graphite during storage [1-4]. Additionally, a thermodynamical framework was developed to describe the coupling of different physical effects [5]. Based on these theories, we include mechanical stresses and study their impact on SEI stability and growth during battery operation. Understanding these relationships identifies critical operating conditions and aid in the design of new electrodes. Thereby, batteries with higher capacity and long-term stability can be developed. 1. Single, F., Latz, A. & Horstmann, B. Identifying the Mechanism of Continued Growth of the Solid-Electrolyte Interphase. ChemSusChem 1–7 (2018). doi:10.1002/cssc.201800077 2. Single, F., Horstmann, B. & Latz, A. Revealing SEI Morphology: In-Depth Analysis of a Modeling Approach. J. Electrochem. Soc. 164, E3132– E3145 (2017). 3. Single, F., Horstmann, B. & Latz, A. Revealing SEI Morphology: In-Depth Analysis of a Modeling Approach. J. Electrochem. Soc. 164, E3132– E3145 (2017). 4. Single, F., Horstmann, B. & Latz, A. Dynamics and morphology of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 17810–17814 (2016). 5. Latz, A. & Zausch, J. Multiscale modeling of lithium ion batteries: thermal aspects. Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 6, 987 (2015).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127300/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Modeling solid-electrolyte interphase Formation on silicon interfaces
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
von Kolzenberg, LarsLars.Kolzenberg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Horstmann, Birgerbirger.horstmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Latz, ArnulfArnulf.Latz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 April 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SEI, Solid electrolyte Interphase, mechanical modeling, multiphysical modeling, irreversible thermodynamics
Event Title:Batterietagung
Event Location:Aachen
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:03.-04. April 2019
Organizer:Haus der Technik
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrochemical Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Prcesses (Batteries)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: von Kolzenberg, Lars
Deposited On:03 May 2019 13:43
Last Modified:10 Feb 2020 11:44

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