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The 2018 eruption at the volcanic island Kadovar, Papua New Guinea, analysed using multi-sensor satellite imagery

Plank, Simon Manuel and Nolde, Michael and Schlaffer, Stefan and Martinis, Sandro (2019) The 2018 eruption at the volcanic island Kadovar, Papua New Guinea, analysed using multi-sensor satellite imagery. EGU General Assembly 2019, 07.-12. Apr. 2019, Wien, Österreich.

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The 1.5 km wide circle-shaped Kadovar Island belongs to the Schouten Islands, a group of six volcanic Islands which form the western end of the Bismarck Volcanic Arc, located north of Papua New Guinea. Kadovar Island is the emergent summit of a stratovolcano. The last historic activity of Kadovar Volcano may have been in 1700. In the early 1900s and in 1976 fumarolic activity was reported. The first confirmed historical eruption at Kadovar began around mid-day local time on 05 January 2018. We studied the eruption over a period of ten months by analysing a time series of multi-sensor satellite imagery. The dataset consists of weather independent synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data acquired by ALOS-2, Sentinel-1, KOMPSAT-5 and TerraSAR-X, thermal VIIRS and MODIS imagery and multispectral data acquired by Landsat-8 and Sentinel-2. Volcanic activity was observed at three vents in the central crater and at two vents at the eastern coast, where a new peninsula was created by lava flows. Until 07 February 2018, the area of the peninsula strongly increased with an average growth rate of ~4490 m2/day to a maximum size of over 71800 m2. Two days later the coastal lava flow collapsed. This was followed by a re-growth of the peninsula at a rate of ~560 m2/day to the final area of ~40000 m2 in May 2018. The satellite-based observations showed again thermal activity at the central crater in the beginning of August 2018 towards the end of the observation period in November 2018.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127164/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The 2018 eruption at the volcanic island Kadovar, Papua New Guinea, analysed using multi-sensor satellite imagery
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Plank, Simon ManuelSimon.Plank (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5793-052X
Nolde, MichaelMichael.Nolde (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schlaffer, Stefanstefan.schlaffer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Martinis, Sandrosandro.martinis (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6400-361X
Date:9 April 2019
Refereed publication:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:remote sensing, volcano
Event Title:EGU General Assembly 2019
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07.-12. Apr. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Plank, Simon Manuel
Deposited On:29 Apr 2019 10:23
Last Modified:29 Apr 2019 10:23

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