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Increasing International Civil Aviation Resilience: A Proposal for Nomenclature, Categorization and Treatment of New Interference Threats

Fernández-Hernández, Ignacio and Walter, Todd and Alexander, Ken and Clark, Barbara and Châtre, Eric and Hegarty, Chris and Appel, Manuel and Meurer, Michael (2019) Increasing International Civil Aviation Resilience: A Proposal for Nomenclature, Categorization and Treatment of New Interference Threats. ITM 2019: International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation, 28.-31. Jan. 2019, Reston, Virginia, USA.

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Abstract

Electromagnetic interference can degrade civil GNSS signals and services, and in some cases result in integrity failures. The aviation community is well-aware of such threats due to the proliferation of interfering-capable equipment including personal electronic devices (PEDs), personal privacy devices (PPDs), GNSS repeaters, mis-operated test equipment, low-cost software-defined radio cards, and the foreseeable proliferation of more sophisticated spoofing devices in the future. Protection against such interference is under consideration for the next-generation of avionics standards. This paper is intended to support the definition of new avionics standards that address these new interference threats. First, it provides a current review of the technical literature with a focus on aviation. Then, the paper compiles the existing nomenclature, taking into account definitions from regulatory bodies. Next, the paper identifies categories of threat emissions. Later, the assets to protect and use case under analysis are presented, followed by a discussion of detection and mitigation responses. The paper continues with a list of detection and mitigation actions that can be implemented at different stages of the avionics receiver. Finally, the paper concludes with a proposal on whether to mandate or recommend treatment of specific threats in the next generation of standards. The framework presented in this paper is the result of several months of iterations including research institutes, GNSS providers, and air navigation service providers. This process was required to converge to a common nomenclature and threat categorization of new jamming and spoofing threats, which did not exist in the available literature and standards. Based on common framework, a quantitative risk analysis including the modelling of the threats is already being performed, enabling requirements and associated test procedures in the next generation of aviation standards.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/127030/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Increasing International Civil Aviation Resilience: A Proposal for Nomenclature, Categorization and Treatment of New Interference Threats
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fernández-Hernández, IgnacioEuropean CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Walter, ToddStanford UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Alexander, KenFederal Aviation AdministrationUNSPECIFIED
Clark, BarbaraFederal Aviation AdministrationUNSPECIFIED
Châtre, EricEuropean CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Hegarty, ChrisMITREUNSPECIFIED
Appel, Manuelmanuel.appel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meurer, MichaelMichael.Meurer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Aviation, Resilience, Threat Modeling, Spoofing, Jamming
Event Title:ITM 2019: International Technical Meeting of The Institute of Navigation
Event Location:Reston, Virginia, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28.-31. Jan. 2019
Organizer:Institute of Navigation (ION)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Communication, Navigation and Surveillance
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Appel, Manuel
Deposited On:02 Apr 2019 14:39
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:24

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