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Analysis of pressurized operation of 10 layer solid oxide electrolysis stacks

Riedel, Marc and Heddrich, Marc P. and Friedrich, Andreas (2019) Analysis of pressurized operation of 10 layer solid oxide electrolysis stacks. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, pp. 4570-4581. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.168 ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

High temperature steam electrolysis using solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) technology can provide hydrogen as fuel for transport or as base chemical for chemical or pharmaceutical industry. SOECs offer a great potential for high efficiencies due to low overpotentials and the possibility for waste heat use for water evaporation. For many industrial applications hydrogen has to be pressurized before being used or stored. Pressurized operation of SOECs can provide benefits on both cell and system level, due to enhanced electrode kinetics and downstream process requirements. Experimental results of water electrolysis in a pressurized SOEC stack consisting of 10 electrolyte supported cells are presented in this paper. The pressure ranges from 1.4 to 8 bar. Steady-state and dynamically recorded U(i)-curves as well as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were carried out to evaluate the performance of the stack under pressurized conditions. Furthermore a long-term test over 1000 h at 1.4 bar was performed to evaluate the degradation in exothermic steam electrolysis mode. It was observed that the open circuit voltage increases with higher pressure due to wellknown thermodynamic relations. No increase of the limiting current density was observed with elevated pressure for the ESC-stacks (electrolyte supported cell) that were investigated in this study. The overall and the activation impedance were found to decrease slightly with higher pressure. Within the impedance studies, the ohmic resistance was found to be the most dominant part of the entire cell resistance of the studied electrolyte supported cells of the stack. A constant current degradation test over 1000 h at 1.4 bar with a second stack showed a voltage degradation rate of 0.56%/kh.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126782/
Document Type:Article
Title:Analysis of pressurized operation of 10 layer solid oxide electrolysis stacks
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Riedel, MarcMarc.Riedel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8823-6760
Heddrich, Marc P.Marc.Heddrich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7037-0870
Friedrich, Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2019
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.168
Page Range:pp. 4570-4581
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-3199
Status:Published
Keywords:Solid oxide electrolysis Pressurized SOEC Pressure Stack Electrolysis
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrolysis and Hydrogen
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemical Processes (Electrolysis)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Riedel, Marc
Deposited On:10 Apr 2019 16:19
Last Modified:10 Apr 2019 16:19

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