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Electro-Thermal Energy Storage for Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage: Increasing System Cost Efficiency and Flexibility

Belik, Sergej (2019) Electro-Thermal Energy Storage for Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage: Increasing System Cost Efficiency and Flexibility. 30th Assembly of Advanced Materials Congress, 2019-10-31 - 2019-11-04, Singapur.

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Utility-scale Electrical Energy Storage (EES) supports the expanding integration of intermittent renewable energy sources allowing a reliable and flexible supply of low-carbon or even zero-carbon electricity. Emerging EES technologies introduced in Fig. 1 (left) are considered adiabatic due to the implementation of thermal energy storage (TES) following the adiabatic compression and prior to the adiabatic expansion. Based on the Carnot heat pump cycle during charging and, when operating in reverse as a Carnot heat engine during discharging period, this EES technologies are considered as Carnot energy storage, since their operation occur with a theoretical round-trip efficiency of 100%. However, capital costs of such adiabatic concepts are still too high for an economical operation in future electricity transmission systems. Large-scale conversion of electricity into thermal energy in a high-temperature heat pump cycle with subsequent conservation inside TES as indicated in Fig. 1 (right) increases the energy density of the overall process. Such process hybridization through the integration of Power-to-Heat (PtH) decreases the round-trip efficiency on the one hand, but, opens up the potential for improvements in flexibility as well as cost efficiency on the other hand. To this end, a Power-to-Heat unit has been developed at the German Aerospace Center based on a high-temperature PtH-concept, which comprises a pressure vessel (see Fig. 2) and an inductively heated and aerated rod bundle (see Fig. 3) to heat up the pressurized air to temperatures up to 600 °C. Materials used for this process need to withstand high temperatures above 400 °C and pressures up to 12 bar at the same time. In addition, technology specific requirements due to the induction heating process must be met. These include high electrical conductivity and high permeability for Curie temperatures up to 700 °C. In order to meet these requirements a wide-ranged material investigation has been performed. Results from experimental studies illustrated in Fig. 4 show a significant slope of core temperature for iron-based materials, which reach temperatures above 700 °C with constant induction power of 2.0 kW. In contrast, the less efficient coupling of electromagnetic waves into Fe3O4 and graphite result in low temperatures. The present contribution aims at introducing an experimental study for identification of well-suited material options for the induction heating process inside a solid media thermal energy storage. Based on an additional electro-thermal model [1], further results for energy- and cost-efficient material options for the application in compressed air energy storage will be presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126647/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Electro-Thermal Energy Storage for Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage: Increasing System Cost Efficiency and Flexibility
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Belik, SergejUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5424-1585UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Compressed Air Energy Storage; Power-to-Heat; Induction heating; Curie temperature
Event Title:30th Assembly of Advanced Materials Congress
Event Location:Singapur
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:31 October 2019
Event End Date:4 November 2019
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Thermal Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Storage) (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Belik, Sergej
Deposited On:22 Mar 2019 16:31
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:30

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