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Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?

Rettberg, Petra and Antunes, André and Brucato, John Robert and Cabezas, Patricia and Collins, Geoffrey and Haddaji, Alissa and Kminek, Gerhard and Leuko, Stefan and McKenna-Lawlor, Susan and Moissl-Eichinger, Christine and Fellous, Jean-Louis and Olsson-Francis, Karen and Pearce, David and Rabbow, Elke and Royle, Samuel and Saunders, Mark and Sephton, Mark and Spry, Andy and Walter, Nicolas and Wimmer Schweingruber, Robert and Treuet, Jean-Charles (2019) Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know? Astrobiology, 19 (8), pp. 951-974. Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. doi: 10.1089/ast.2018.1996. ISSN 1531-1074.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ast.2018.1996

Abstract

To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126590/
Document Type:Article
Title:Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Antunes, AndréGEMM—Group for Extreme and Marine Microbiology, Department of Biology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom.UNSPECIFIED
Brucato, John RobertDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, Astrophysical Observatory of Arcetri, National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Florence, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Cabezas, PatriciaScience Connect–European Science Foundation (ESF), Strasbourg, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Collins, GeoffreyDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, Wheaton College, Massachusetts, Norton, MassachusettsUNSPECIFIED
Haddaji, AlissaCommittee on Space Research (COSPAR), Montpellier, France.UNSPECIFIED
Kminek, GerhardCommittee on Space Research (COSPAR), Montpellier, France.UNSPECIFIED
Leuko, StefanRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; stefan.leuko (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0423-0896
McKenna-Lawlor, SusanSpace Technology Ireland Ltd., Maynooth, Ireleand.UNSPECIFIED
Moissl-Eichinger, ChristineCommittee on Space Research (COSPAR), Montpellier, France.UNSPECIFIED
Fellous, Jean-LouisDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, Wheaton College, Massachusetts, Norton, Massachusetts.UNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, KarenFaculty of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics, School of Environment, Earth & Ecosystem Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.UNSPECIFIED
Pearce, DavidDepartment of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle, United Kingdom.UNSPECIFIED
Rabbow, ElkeRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Elke.Rabbow (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9301-2021
Royle, SamuelFaculty of Engineering, Department of Earth Science & Engineering, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.UNSPECIFIED
Saunders, MarkIndependent Consultant for the US National Academies of Sciences (NAS), Washington, District of Columbia.UNSPECIFIED
Sephton, MarkFaculty of Engineering, Department of Earth Science & Engineering, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.UNSPECIFIED
Spry, AndyCarl Sagan Center, SETI, Mountain View, California.UNSPECIFIED
Walter, NicolasScience Connect–European Science Foundation (ESF), Strasbourg, France.UNSPECIFIED
Wimmer Schweingruber, RobertInstitut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Abteilung Extraterrestrische Physik, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7388-173X
Treuet, Jean-CharlesEurospace, Paris, France.UNSPECIFIED
Date:14 February 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:19
DOI:10.1089/ast.2018.1996
Page Range:pp. 951-974
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
ISSN:1531-1074
Status:Published
Keywords:Icy moons, Europa, Enceladus, Planetary protection, Requirements, Spacecraft
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:21 Feb 2019 11:47
Last Modified:20 Jun 2021 15:52

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