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Atmospheric Science with InSight

Spiga, Aymeric and Banfield, Don and Teanby, Nicholas A. and Forget, François and Lucas, Antoine and Kenda, Balthasar and Rodriguez Manfredi, Jose Antonio and Widmer-Schnidrig, Rudolf and Murdoch, Naomi and Lemmon, Mark T. and Garcia, Raphaël F. and Martire, Léo and Karatekin, Özgür and Le Maistre, Sébastien and Van Hove, Bart and Dehant, Véronique and Lognonné, Philippe and Mueller, Nils and Lorenz, Ralph D. and Mimoun, David and Rodriguez, Sébastien and Beucler, Éric and Daubar, Ingrid and Golombek, Matthew P. and Bertrand, Tanguy and Nishikawa, Yasuhiro and Millour, Ehouarn and Rolland, Lucie and Brissaud, Quentin and Kawamura, Taichi and Mocquet, Antoine and Martin, Roland and Clinton, John and Stutzmann, Éléonore and Spohn, Tilman and Smrekar, Suzanne and Banerdt, William B. (2018) Atmospheric Science with InSight. Space Science Reviews, 214 (7), pp. 109-173. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0543-0 ISSN 0038-6308

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-018-0543-0

Abstract

In November 2018, for the first time a dedicated geophysical station, the InSight lander, will be deployed on the surface of Mars. Along with the two main geophysical packages, the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) and the Heat-Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3), the InSight lander holds a highly sensitive pressure sensor (PS) and the Temperature and Winds for InSight (TWINS) instrument, both of which (along with the InSight FluxGate (IFG) Magnetometer) form the Auxiliary Sensor Payload Suite (APSS). Associated with the RADiometer (RAD) instrument which will measure the surface brightness temperature, and the Instrument Deployment Camera (IDC) which will be used to quantify atmospheric opacity, this will make InSight capable to act as a meteorological station at the surface of Mars. While probing the internal structure of Mars is the primary scientific goal of the mission, atmospheric science remains a key science objective for InSight. InSight has the potential to provide a more continuous and higher-frequency record of pressure, air temperature and winds at the surface of Mars than previous in situ missions. In the paper, key results from multiscale meteorological modeling, from Global Climate Models to Large-Eddy Simulations, are described as a reference for future studies based on the InSight measurements during operations. We summarize the capabilities of InSight for atmospheric observations, from profiling during Entry, Descent and Landing to surface measurements (pressure, temperature, winds, angular momentum), and the plans for how InSight’s sensors will be used during operations, as well as possible synergies with orbital observations. In a dedicated section, we describe the seismic impact of atmospheric phenomena (from the point of view of both “noise” to be decorrelated from the seismic signal and “signal” to provide information on atmospheric processes). We discuss in this framework Planetary Boundary Layer turbulence, with a focus on convective vortices and dust devils, gravity waves (with idealized modeling), and large-scale circulations. Our paper also presents possible new, exploratory, studies with the InSight instrumentation: surface layer scaling and exploration of the Monin-Obukhov model, aeolian surface changes and saltation / lifing studies, and monitoring of secular pressure changes. The InSight mission will be instrumental in broadening the knowledge of the Martian atmosphere, with a unique set of measurements from the surface of Mars.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126457/
Document Type:Article
Title:Atmospheric Science with InSight
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Spiga, AymericLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD/IPSL), Sorbonne Université, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, École Polytechnique, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France; Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, Francehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6776-6268
Banfield, DonCornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USAUNSPECIFIED
Teanby, Nicholas A.School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, UKUNSPECIFIED
Forget, FrançoisLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD/IPSL), Sorbonne Université, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, École Polytechnique, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Lucas, AntoineInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Kenda, BalthasarInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez Manfredi, Jose AntonioCAB, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Widmer-Schnidrig, RudolfInstitut für Geophysik, Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Murdoch, NaomiInstitut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), Université de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Lemmon, Mark T.Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843, United StatesUNSPECIFIED
Garcia, Raphaël F.Institut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), Université de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Martire, LéoInstitut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), Université de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Karatekin, ÖzgürRoyal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Le Maistre, SébastienRoyal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Van Hove, BartRoyal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Dehant, VéroniqueRoyal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Lognonné, Philippenstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France/Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Mueller, NilsJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA / DLR, German Aerospace Center, Institute of Planetary Research, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, Ralph D.Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mimoun, DavidInstitut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), Université de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez, Sébastiennstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France/Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Beucler, ÉricLaboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique, Université de Nantes, Nantes, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Daubar, IngridJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Golombek, Matthew P.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Bertrand, TanguyNASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Nishikawa, YasuhiroInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Millour, EhouarnLaboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD/IPSL), Sorbonne Université, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, École Polytechnique, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Rolland, LucieGeoazur, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, Nice, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Brissaud, QuentinDivision of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kawamura, TaichiInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Mocquet, AntoineLaboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique, Université de Nantes, Nantes, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Martin, RolandGéoscience Environnement Toulouse, Observatoire midi-Pyrénées, Université de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Clinton, JohnETH, Zurich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Stutzmann, ÉléonoreInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Spohn, TilmanTilman.Spohn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Smrekar, SuzanneJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Banerdt, William B.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2 October 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:214
DOI :10.1007/s11214-018-0543-0
Page Range:pp. 109-173
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0038-6308
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, Atmosphäre
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):Project InSight HP3
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: Müller, Nils
Deposited On:25 Feb 2019 08:13
Last Modified:25 Feb 2019 08:13

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