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Latest design trends in modal accelerometers for aircraft ground vibration testing

Govers, Yves and Sinske, Julian and Petzsche, Thomas (2019) Latest design trends in modal accelerometers for aircraft ground vibration testing. In: 37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019. IMAC 2019, 28.-31. Jan. 2019, Orlando, FL (USA).

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Accelerometers are widely encountered in structural analysis applications such as modal analysis with vibrational or impact input excitation and operational modal analysis. This paper aims to outline design trends and requirements for acceleration sensors in order to insure optimal structural analysis measurement results. Key parameters for a performing modal sensor are: sensitivity, mass, noise level, amplitude and phase frequency response, as well as thermal transient response, thermal sensitivity response, transverse sensitivity (cross axis), base strain and survivability which will be taken into detailed consideration in this paper. Nowadays three IEPE (Integrated Electronic Piezo Electric) sensor designs can be considered: piezo-ceramic shear, piezobending beam and piezo-crystal shear mode sensing elements. Unfortunately, none of the sensor technologies available on the market today will allow for the best of all parameters mentioned earlier. Advantages and disadvantages have to be considered in order to make the optimal choice. Even though Variable Capacitive (VC) MEMS sensors can be used in cases of operational modal analysis at ultra-low frequencies, such as Bridge Structural Testing or Monitoring, only IEPE technology will be in this study. Besides the technical properties of an accelerometer, the handling qualities during installation and removal are extremely important for high channel count systems. Installation time, error rate and reliability for more than 10 years during several tests a year are of special interest for the user. Among the considerations made here, easy monitoring and sensitive axis alignment compared to the overall coordinate system will be examined. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) will illustrate the applicability of accelerometers in context of industrial testing such as Ground Vibration Testing (GVT) of aircraft structures or structural and modal testing of wind turbine blades where innovative methods such as allowing one free adjustable degree of freedom around one rotational axis in order to freely orient the sensitive axis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126420/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Latest design trends in modal accelerometers for aircraft ground vibration testing
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Govers, YvesYves.Govers (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2236-596X
Sinske, JulianJulian.Sinske (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6080-9982
Petzsche, Thomasthomas.petzsche (at) kistler.comUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:accelerometers, IEPE, MEMS, modal analysis, aircraft ground vibration testing (GVT)
Event Title:IMAC 2019
Event Location:Orlando, FL (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28.-31. Jan. 2019
Organizer:The Society for Experimental Mechanics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aeroelasticity > Structural Dynamics and System Identification
Deposited By: Sinske, Julian
Deposited On:25 Feb 2019 15:34
Last Modified:23 Feb 2022 13:43

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