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Challenges in very high resolution imaging of satellites and objects in space

Jirousek, Matthias and Anger, Simon and Dill, Stephan and Peichl, Markus (2019) Challenges in very high resolution imaging of satellites and objects in space. SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing, 2019-04-14 - 2019-04-18, Baltimore.

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Abstract

Space debris nowadays is one of the main threats for satellite systems especially in low earth orbit (LEO). More than 700,000 debris objects with potential to destroy or damage a satellite are estimated. The effects of an impact often are not identifiable directly from ground. High-resolution radar images are helpful in analyzing a possible damage. Furthermore investigations on unknown space objects or satellites can be performed. Therefor DLR is currently developing a radar system called IoSiS (Imaging of Satellites in Space), being based on an existing steering antenna structure and our multipurpose high-performance radar system GigaRad for experimental investigations. GigaRad is a multi-channel system operating at X band and using a bandwidth of up to 4.4 GHz in the IoSiS configuration, providing fully separated transmit (TX) and receive (RX) channels, and separated antennas. For the observation of small satellites or space debris a high-power traveling-wave-tube amplifier (TWTA) is mounted close to the TX antenna feed. For the experimental phase IoSiS uses a 9 m TX and a 1.8 m RX antenna mounted on a common steerable positioner. High-resolution radar images are obtained by using Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) techniques. The guided tracking of known objects during orbit pass allows here wide azimuth observation angles. Thus high azimuth resolution comparable to the range resolution can be achieved. This paper outlines technical main characteristics of the IoSiS radar system. It shows the main error sources and solutions as well as the calibration effort to generate the first centimeter-resolution radar image observed with IoSIS.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126257/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Challenges in very high resolution imaging of satellites and objects in space
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Jirousek, MatthiasMatthias.Jirousek (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2106-9245
Anger, SimonSimon.Anger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dill, StephanStephan.Dill (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6048-1107
Peichl, MarkusMarkus.Peichl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0226-9786
Date:2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:IoSiS, SSA, space situation awareness, inverse SAR, high resulution radar, radar
Event Title:SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing
Event Location:Baltimore
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2019-04-14 - 2019-04-18
Organizer:SPIE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Sicherheitsrelevante Erdbeobachtung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Reconnaissance and Security
Deposited By: Jirousek, Dr.-Ing. Matthias
Deposited On:29 Jan 2019 10:08
Last Modified:21 Nov 2019 10:51

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