DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Liquid Solar Fuel - Liquid Hydrocarbons from Solar Energy and Biomass

Trieb, Franz and Moser, Massimo and Kern, Jürgen (2018) Liquid Solar Fuel - Liquid Hydrocarbons from Solar Energy and Biomass. Energy, 153, pp. 1-11. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.04.027. ISSN 0360-5442.

Full text not available from this repository.


The Liquid Solar Fuel (LSF) concept aims to provide enewable-energy-based fuels like synthetic Diesel and Kerosene for long-distance transport via trucks, ships and airplanes and for remote machinery. The purpose of this paper is to present a preliminary design and performance model of a small scale plant with a rated production capacity of 100 barrels per day. First technical and economic performance estimates suggest that an achievable process efficiency around 50% and a product cost of ca. 1 US$/liter for large scale units in the medium term future can be attractive when compared to similar processes like power-to-liquid or biomass-to-liquid. A key attribute of the LSF concept is to maximize efficiency of all physical and chemical processes involved by continuous full-load operation of the synthesis process avoiding any transients, and by integrating and recycling all involved energy and material flows. How to achieve this in an effective way in spite of mainly using variable renewable energy from sunshine and wind for power supply is a key finding of the analysis, significantly reducing the need for major storage facilities for hydrogen and other involved substances. A major implication of the study is that carbon-free production of synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels is possible with present state-of-the-art technologies and can be efficient and affordable under appropriate frame conditions that exist in many parts of the world. The analysis has been made in the frame of internal activities of the Department of Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Stuttgart, Germany, since 2008, and had the goal to identify sustainable solutions for future long-distance transport fuels. The model analysis provides technical and economic performance estimates of a first prototype.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/126154/
Document Type:Article
Title:Liquid Solar Fuel - Liquid Hydrocarbons from Solar Energy and Biomass
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Trieb, Franzfranz.trieb (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Moser, Massimomassimo.moser (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kern, JürgenJuergen.Kern (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6722-7264
Journal or Publication Title:Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1-11
Keywords:Liquid solar fuels, System Analysis, Renewable energy, Solar energy, Fischer-tropsch Synthesis, System integration
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Schillings, Dr. Christoph
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 16:19
Last Modified:01 Jul 2019 14:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Help & Contact
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Website and database design: Copyright © German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.