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SALINISPHAERA SHABANENSIS – A NEW EXTREMOPHILIC MODEL ORGANISM FOR THE SPACE EXPOSURE EXPERIMENT MEXEM

Antunes, André and Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina and Bohmeier, Maria and Rettberg, Petra (2018) SALINISPHAERA SHABANENSIS – A NEW EXTREMOPHILIC MODEL ORGANISM FOR THE SPACE EXPOSURE EXPERIMENT MEXEM. EXTREMOPHILES, 16.-20. September 2018, Neapel, Italien.

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Abstract

The project MEXEM (Mars EXposed Extremophiles Mixture) is an astrobiological survey of responses of selected (facultative) anaerobic microorganisms to conditions on current day or on early Mars. MEXEM will test the hypothesis that selected terrestrial microbial pure strains, mixed cultures and original samples from extreme Mars-analogue environments on Earth are able to withstand the Martian environmental stress factors due to their highly effective cellular and molecular adaptations and repair mechanisms. Microorganisms will be exposed for three month in Martian atmosphere to solar radiation on the outside of the international space station. Post-exposure analysis will confirm cells survival rates and positive results will support and guide the discussion about the existence of life on Mars. Here we report the results of pre-tests with Salinisphaera shabanensis, a facultative anaerobic, halophilic bacterium isolated from a deep-sea anoxic brine from the Red Sea [1]. Our results uncovered a high tolerance to desiccation under anoxic conditions. After four weeks of storage under dry conditions the survival rate is reduced by only three orders of magnitude, which is higher than rates of other vegetative cells [2]. S. shabanensis was also moderately tolerant to monochromatic UV-C radiation (254 nm), with calculated F10-values of 55.7 J/m2, which is average when compared to standard microorganisms such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis [3]. The next steps will include application of combined stresses, namely desiccation in Martian atmosphere (2.7% N2, 1.6% Ar, 0.15% O2 in CO2 v/v at a pressure of 103 Pa) and a polychromatic Martian UV-spectrum (200-400 nm). In general, the strategy of MEXEM has proven useful in gaining new model organisms. These organisms have previously unreported high tolerances against cell damaging treatments and may serve as model organisms for future space exposure experiments.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125777/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:SALINISPHAERA SHABANENSIS – A NEW EXTREMOPHILIC MODEL ORGANISM FOR THE SPACE EXPOSURE EXPERIMENT MEXEM
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Antunes, AndréGEMM-Group for Extreme and Marine Microbiology, Biology Department, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, L39 4QP, UKUNSPECIFIED
Beblo-Vranesevic, KristinaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; kristina.beblo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4834-7121
Bohmeier, MariaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Date:16 September 2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:MEXEM (Mars EXposed Extremophiles Mixture)
Event Title:EXTREMOPHILES
Event Location:Neapel, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-20. September 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:09 Jan 2019 14:51
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:23

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