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Bioregenerative Life Support Systems in Space Research

Häder, Donat-Peter and Braun, Markus and Hemmersbach, Ruth (2018) Bioregenerative Life Support Systems in Space Research. In: Gravitational Biology I. Gravity Sensing and Graviorientation in Microorganisms and Plants SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences. Springer Nature. pp. 113-122. ISBN 978-3-319-93893-6. ISSN 2196-5560

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-93894-3_8


For manned long-term missions e.g. to Mars, large amounts of food and oxygen are required to sustain the astronauts during the months- or year-long travel in space but resources are very limited. Water is already routinely recycled on the ISS. In order to solve the problem of limited food and oxygen resources, bioregenerative life support systems are envisioned with closed nutrient and gas loops. Several ecological model systems varying in the degree of complexity have already been investigated on ground and tested on shorter space flights. Photosynthetic organisms such as flagellates or higher plants produce oxygen when light is available. Simultaneously they take up the carbon dioxide exhaled by the astronauts or other consumers. Urea and ammonia can be detoxified by bacteria. Insertion of a component of primary consumers such as ciliates could be used to produce fish for human consumption.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125743/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Bioregenerative Life Support Systems in Space Research
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Häder, Donat-PeterEmeritus from friedrich-alexander-universität erlangen, institut für biologiehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4295-5660
Braun, MarkusGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Space Administration, Bonn-Oberkassel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hemmersbach, Ruthgerman aerospace centre (dlr), institute of aerospace medicine, gravitational biology, cologne, germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5308-6715
Date:21 June 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Gravitational Biology I. Gravity Sensing and Graviorientation in Microorganisms and Plants
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-93894-3
Page Range:pp. 113-122
Braun, MarkusGerman Aerospace Center, Space Administration
Böhmer, MaikUniversity Frankfurt
Häder, Donat-PeterUniversity Erlangen
Hemmersbach, RuthGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine
Palme, KlausUniversity Freiburg
Publisher:Springer Nature
Series Name:SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences
Keywords:Life support system, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Aquarack, Aquacells, OmegaHab, C.E.B.A.S., Eu:CROPIS, MELiSSA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Exp.-vorbereitung, R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Gravitational Biology
Deposited By: Duwe, Helmut
Deposited On:10 Jan 2019 14:10
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 14:10

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