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Monitoring biophysical parameters of irrigated rice production in the lowlands of the Aral Sea Basin from space

Kenjabaev, Shavkat and Degtyareva, Olga and Sultanov, Murod and Thiel, Michael and Conrad, Christopher (2018) Monitoring biophysical parameters of irrigated rice production in the lowlands of the Aral Sea Basin from space. Volkswagen Status Conference Between Europe and the Orient, 16-19 April 2018, Almaty.

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Rice production in the lowlands of the Aral Sea Basin (ASB) contributes to the national food baskets of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. However, due to the exposure to water scarcity in the downstream location of the river systems and enormous land degradation problems, a high risk of crop failure exist. Early and area-wide information on irregularities in rice crop growth through remote sensing could help to reduce this risk. In this study, statistical relations between vegetation indices (VIs) from Landsat 8 surface reflectance and biophysical in situ measurements (plant height, crop density, green biomass, fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation and leaf area index) of broadcast sown and transplanted rice were investigated. Special attention laid on the accurate derivation of the LAI. Field experiments conducted in three different irrigation subsystems of the ASB during the growing period of rice in 2015 revealed enormous spatial variations in observed rice biophysical parameters, both among the fields and sites owing to different land, water and crop management. Linear regression analysis techniques of paired variables comprising each one biophysical parameter and one out of six VIs showed diverse coefficients of determination. Tasseled Cap Greenness (TCG) was superior to all other indices in its explanatory power. Multivariate linear regression and particularly Classification and Regression Trees exhibited stronger statistical relations between four VIs (TCG, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index - NDVI, Transformed Vegetation Index - TVI and Green Chlorophyll Index - GCI) and LAI than the univariate assessments. The multi-location field experiments can be concluded to be useful for estimating certain effects of crop management on modeling biophysical parameters of rice. The results suggest furthering multivariate assessments of rice biophysical parameters and promoting remote sensing techniques to support local and regional policies and planning approaches in the irrigated lowland of the ASB.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125728/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Monitoring biophysical parameters of irrigated rice production in the lowlands of the Aral Sea Basin from space
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Thiel, MichaelMichael.Thiel (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Conrad, ChristopherChristopher.Conrad (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:biophysical parameters, irrigated rice production, lowlands of the Aral Basin from space
Event Title:Volkswagen Status Conference Between Europe and the Orient
Event Location:Almaty
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16-19 April 2018
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Geoscientific remote sensing and GIS methods
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:08 Jan 2019 13:11
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:23

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