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Gravity Sensing, Graviorientation and Microgravity

Häder, Donat-Peter and Braun, Markus and Hemmersbach, Ruth (2018) Gravity Sensing, Graviorientation and Microgravity. In: Gravitational Biology I. Gravity Sensing and Graviorientation in Microorganisms and Plants SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences. Springer Nature. pp. 1-11. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-93894-3_1. ISBN 978-3-319-93893-6. ISSN 2196-5560.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-93894-3_1

Abstract

Gravity has constantly governed the evolution of life on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years while the magnetic field of the Earth has fluctuated over the eons, temperatures constantly change, and the light intensity undergoes seasonal and daily cycles. All forms of life are permanently exposed to gravity and it can be assumed that almost all organisms have developed sensors and respond in one way or the other to the unidirectional acceleration force. Here we summarize what is currently known about gravity sensing and response mechanisms in microorganisms, lower and higher plants starting from the historical eye-opening experiments from the nineteenth century up to today’s extremely rapidly advancing cellular, molecular and biotechnological research. In addition to high-tech methods, in particular experimentation in the microgravity environment of parabolic flights and in the low Earth orbit as well as in “microgravity simulators” have considerably improved our knowledge of the fascinating sensing and response mechanisms which enable organisms to explore and exploit the environment on, above and below the surface of the Earth and which was fundamental for evolution of life on Earth.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125704/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Gravity Sensing, Graviorientation and Microgravity
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Häder, Donat-PeterEmeritus from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen, Institut of Biologiy, Erlangen, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4295-5660UNSPECIFIED
Braun, MarkusGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Space Administration, Bonn-Oberkassel, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hemmersbach, RuthGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Gravitational Biology, Cologne, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5308-6715UNSPECIFIED
Date:21 July 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Gravitational Biology I. Gravity Sensing and Graviorientation in Microorganisms and Plants
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-93894-3_1
Page Range:pp. 1-11
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Braun, MarkusGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Space AdministrationUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Böhmer, MaikUniversity of FrankfurtUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Häder, Donat-PeterUniversity of ErlangenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hemmersbach, RuthGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace MedicineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Palme, KlausUniversity of FreiburgUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer Nature
Series Name:SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences
ISSN:2196-5560
ISBN:978-3-319-93893-6
Status:Published
Keywords:Gravitaxis, Gravitropism, Gravireceptor, Statolith, Microgravity platforms
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Exp.-vorbereitung (old), R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Gravitational Biology
Deposited By: Duwe, Helmut
Deposited On:10 Jan 2019 14:08
Last Modified:18 Mar 2024 12:05

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