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Miniaturized low power LIBS system for in-situ exploration of Solar System bodies without atmosphere

Kubitza, Simon and Rammelkamp, Kristin and Vogt, David and Frohmann, Sven and Hansen, Peder Bagge and Schröder, Susanne and Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm (2018) Miniaturized low power LIBS system for in-situ exploration of Solar System bodies without atmosphere. SciX 2018, 21.-26. Okt. 2018, Atlanta, USA.

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Abstract

LIBS is a very useful tool for robotic in-situ space exploration because of its remote capability and the omission of sample preparation, and was extraterrestrially employed for the first time on NASAs Mars Science Laboratory [1]. Space missions have severe constraints on size, mass and power consumption limiting the capabilities of the instruments on board in comparison to laboratory instrumentation on Earth. The German Aerospace Center is currently developing a miniaturized LIBS instrument of ~1 kg in mass with a low power laser of approximately 5 mJ pulse energy for pioneering missions to explore planets, moons and asteroids in the Solar System. While Martian atmospheric conditions are close to ideal for the LIBS technique, low pressure environments such as on most of these bodies are more challenging [2,3]. The instrument has to provide sufficient irradiance to create a suitable plasma for scientific analysis while still meeting the aforementioned limitations on mass and energy. With a prototype miniature LIBS setup, measurements on different materials were conducted. Regolith simulants for the Earths moon and the Martian moon Phobos [4] were investigated as well as pure salts to test the capabilities for major element detection as well as for volatiles. All experiments were performed at pressures of <1 Pa using a Nd:YLF prototype laser originally developed for ESAs ExoMars mission and operating at 1053 nm wavelength and 1-4 mJ pulse energy. The collected plasma light was separated into four spectral ranges with dichroic mirrors and analysed with four commercially available compact and uncooled symmetric Czerny-Turner spectrometers to cover a large wavelength range. The performance of the setup is evaluated and discussed for different possible mission scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125516/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Miniaturized low power LIBS system for in-situ exploration of Solar System bodies without atmosphere
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kubitza, SimonSimon.Kubitza (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rammelkamp, KristinKristin.Rammelkamp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Vogt, DavidDavid.Vogt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Frohmann, SvenSven.Frohmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hansen, Peder BaggePederBagge.Hansen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SusanneSusanne.Schroeder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hübers, Heinz-WilhelmHeinz-Wilhelm.Huebers (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2018
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Instrument, Laser, Spektroskopie, Mars, Phobos, Sonnensystem, Plasma
Event Title:SciX 2018
Event Location:Atlanta, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-26. Okt. 2018
Organizer:FACSS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben OptoRob, R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Deposited By: Kubitza, Simon
Deposited On:08 Jan 2019 09:28
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:23

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