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Designing the interaction of automated vehicles with other traffic participants: design considerations based on human needs and expectations

Schieben, Anna and Wilbrink, Marc and Kettwich, Carmen and Madigan, Ruth and Louw, Tyron and Merat, Natasha (2018) Designing the interaction of automated vehicles with other traffic participants: design considerations based on human needs and expectations. Cognition, Technology and Work. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s10111-018-0521-z ISSN 1435-5558

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10111-018-0521-z

Abstract

Automated vehicles (AV) are expected to be integrated into mixed traffic environments in the near future. As human road users have established elaborated interaction strategies to coordinate their actions among each other, one challenge that human factors experts and vehicle designers are facing today is how to design AVs in a way that they can safely and intuitively interact with other traffic participants. This paper presents design considerations that are intended to support AV designers in reducing the complexity of the design space. The design considerations are based on a literature review of common human–human interaction strategies. Four categories of information are derived for the design considerations: (1) information about vehicle driving mode; (2) information about AVs’ manoeuvres; (3) information about AVs’ perceptions of the environment; and (4) information about AVs’ cooperation capabilities. In this paper, we apply the four categories to analyse existing research studies of traffic participants’ needs during interactions with AVs and results of the CityMobil2 project. From the CityMobil2 project we present central results from face-to-face interviews, an onsite-survey and two focus groups. To further support the AV designers we describe and rate different design options to present the information of the four categories, including the design of the infrastructure, the vehicle shape, the vehicle manoeuvres and the external human–machine interface of the AV.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/125507/
Document Type:Article
Title:Designing the interaction of automated vehicles with other traffic participants: design considerations based on human needs and expectations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schieben, AnnaDLRhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3608-2004
Wilbrink, MarcDLRUNSPECIFIED
Kettwich, CarmenDLRUNSPECIFIED
Madigan, RuthITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Louw, TyronITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Merat, NatashaITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 September 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Cognition, Technology and Work
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s10111-018-0521-z
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1435-5558
Status:Published
Keywords:Automated vehicles; interaction with other traffic participants; design considerations; Vulnerable Road Users; external HMI
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrzeugintelligenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Development of vehicle functions
Deposited By: Schieben, Anna Maria
Deposited On:28 Dec 2018 13:37
Last Modified:28 Dec 2018 13:37

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